Thời sự quốc tế 6/2 | Nga - Iran đẩy mạnh chế tạo UAV chung; ông Medvedev cảnh báo hạt nhân Ukraine
IRAN-RUSSIA PROMOTES JOINT UAV FACTORY BUILDING POLAND HOPES ABOUT 40 COUNTRIES WILL OPPOSE RUSSIA AT THE OLYMPIC UKRAINE CONFLICT: PRESIDENT BIDEN IS COMING TO EAST EUROPE, MEDVEDEV SHOCKING WARNING TO KIEV EAST AFRICA LEADERS REQUEST IMMEDIATE CEASEFIRE IN CONGO US SENATOR SAY TIKTOK MUST COOPERATE WITH US INTELLIGENCE TO GUARANTEE DATA SECURITY INDIA BANNED HUNDREDS OF CHINA-RELATED BETTING AND LOANS APPLICATIONS US TRANSPORTATION MINISTER SAYS HE WILL NOT RUN FOR THE SENATE THE CONTROVERSIAL LEGACY OF FORMER PAKISTAN PRESIDENT THE PRESIDENT OF KOREA HAS A NEW SPEAKER CHINA WILL ANNOUNCE A NEW AMBASSADOR TO JAPAN Welcome to the international news program. The Wall Street Journal recently reported that Russia and Iran are accelerating the process of building a joint UAV manufacturing plant between the two countries. The plant will be located on Russian territory and produce Iranian-designed drones. According to the article, both sides hope that the UAVs produced here will be faster, more accurate, and more difficult to shoot down Therefore, when going to the battlefield, it will be a real threat to the Ukrainian army.
The article quoted some sources as saying that the Iranian delegation had come to Russia to discuss appropriate locations, as well as detailed cooperation documents. Over the past few months, Russia has used hundreds of Iranian-made Shahed-136 UAVs to attack Ukrainian military and civilian targets. Although most were shot down, the remaining ones also caused serious consequences. Polish Minister of Sports and Tourism Kamil Bortniczuk recently said he expected dozens of countries to oppose sending athletes from Russia and Belarus to the 2024 Olympic Games in Paris. Bortniczuk told Polish state television. "I think next week the countries will take a very firm stance," “About 40 countries will comment on this issue. We strongly oppose the participation of Russia and Belarus in the Olympics."
The Polish official also believes that opponents of Russia and Belarus will include members of the EU and the UK. Bortniczuk was referring to the United States, although the White House said on February 2 that it supported allowing Russian and Belarusian athletes to compete as neutrals. The Polish official added that EU sports ministers have an online meeting scheduled for next Friday. The past few days have seen a growing debate about the Olympics.
Ukraine is calling for a complete ban on Russian athletes because of the attack that began in February 2022 in which athletes were victims. Russia is pushing for all restrictions to be lifted, saying the Olympics should not be politicized. The International Olympic Committee has said it is considering a route for Russia to participate in the Games, possibly as a neutral athlete.
Earlier on February 2, Mr. Bortniczuk and his counterparts from the Baltic states issued a joint statement, criticizing the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The joint statement read: "Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland condemn the efforts of the International Olympic Committee to return athletes from Russia and Belarus to international competitions." Reuters news agency summarizes the most notable events that have just taken place in Ukraine including: * ELECTRICITY CRISIS IN ODESSA. City officials are urgently repairing key energy infrastructure, after a fire caused by overloaded power lines As a result, nearly 500,000 Ukrainians in the port city of Odessa lost power Earlier, Russian missiles also caused heavy damage to the local power grid. Officials said repairs could take several weeks.
* DIPLOMACY EFFORTS AND SUPPLY OF WEAPONS. US President Joe Biden will visit Poland - a senior Polish diplomat said. According to Reuters, it is reported that Biden's visit will coincide with the one-year anniversary of the outbreak of conflict in Ukraine, on February 24, 2022.
On the other hand, Ukrainian President Zelensky stripped the citizenship of many famous former politicians, taking the next step in his efforts to "clean up", to shake off Kyiv's connections with politicians and oligarchs in Moscow Regarding arms support, Portuguese Prime Minister Antonio Costa said that the country will send the main battle tank Leopard 2 to Ukraine, but did not specify how much. In Moscow, former Russian President Dmitry Medvedev warned that the increasingly "pumping" of advanced weapons into Ukraine by the United States will only lead to more aggressive Russian counter-attacks, which may even require the use of nuclear weapons based on Russia's nuclear doctrine. In another development, the US recently warned Turkey against exporting to Russia chemicals, microchips and other products that could be used by Moscow in the conflict in Ukraine Washington has said it may sanction Turkish companies and banks that violate sanctions. * Some quick news about CONFLICT Ukraine and Russia recently exchanged about 200 prisoners - both sides have just released a statement. The bodies of two British volunteers were also handed over to the Ukrainian side. In addition, in an interview with German media, the country's prosecutor general said Berlin is collecting evidence of war crimes in Ukraine.
Germany's prosecutor general said he felt it was necessary to conduct an investigation and trial at an international level. The map published by the US station CNN on the afternoon of February 3 shows the current situation in Ukraine The red area is where the Russians control, the dark-light colors represent different levels of control. The area outlined in blue is where Ukraine claimed control after the counterattack.
Russia recently criticized the summit between the European Union (EU) and Ukraine only to show the West's "aspiration for hegemony". Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Maria Zakharova issued a document on February 4, criticizing the EU-Ukraine summit that just took place in the city of Kyiv. According to Ms. Zakharova, the EU violated its own standard requirements by supporting Ukraine's entry into the union
Ms. Zakharova acknowledged that Kyiv was not qualified by EU standards for having "completely suppressed dissent, violated freedom of expression, suppressed culture and religion". Zakharova condemned the EU's willingness to provide more weapons to Ukraine while calling for peace as "an equally hypocritical act". The Russian Foreign Ministry spokesman said that all the EU's military supplies and financial support to Kyiv led to "an increase in the number of victims of the conflict, including civilians". Zakharova added that the summit showed that the EU has invested all its political, financial and military resources to "develop a front in Ukraine against the formation of a multipolar world order", which Russia and much of the world community firmly support".
According to Anadolu news agency, President Zelensky hailed the summit in Kyiv as a "great symbol" of the international community's support for Ukraine against Russia's aggression He said the sides discussed Kyiv's prospects of joining the European Union, how to resolve the conflict and the issue of food security. The EU has continuously provided financial and military aid to Ukraine, and recently it stressed its commitment to help Kyiv more. The European Union also announced the implementation of the 10th round of sanctions against Moscow on February 24 marking a year when conflict broke out. European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said: "Ukraine is taking important steps on the road to joining the EU. I know they will keep up the pace."
Ukraine was granted full candidate status last June. Leaders of the East Africa region have renewed calls for an immediate ceasefire in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. Specifically, at a summit on February 4 in the capital of Burundi, leaders of the East African Community (EAC) called for "all parties to cease fire immediately". The call comes as the M23 rebel group has seized large areas in North Kivu province (eastern Congo) in a flash offensive since October 20. The group now threatens the provincial capital, Goma.
The conflict in Congo has strained East Africa, with Congo accusing neighboring Rwanda of supporting and sponsoring a Tutsi-led uprising. UN experts and some Western powers also accuse Rwanda of supporting the M23, although Rwanda has denied any involvement. The February 4 meeting was the latest diplomatic effort to try to end the uprising. The unstable security situation in North Kivu since March last year has displaced at least 520,000 people. North Kivu is also one of the regions witnessing constant fighting in the Congo. The summit was attended by heads of state from Rwanda, Congo, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania and Burundi, along with senior officials from the region. Besides demanding an immediate armistice
the leaders also called for the withdrawal of all armed groups and foreign forces from the Congo, within a specific time frame to be decided soon. Senator Cory Booker said on Sunday that TikTok is working with US intelligence to enact precautionary measures to protect the video-sharing platform data from Chinese surveillance. He said: “I think there are two ways to approach this. The proactive step is banning it on government devices. This is what the US federal government is doing, states and even localities are doing.
But there is another way to go about this, contact the company directly, they are currently working with US intelligence officers, to try to make sure that the proper precautions are taken, so that no one can access and use it as a spy tool.” Congress and many state legislatures have passed legislation banning TikTok on government devices, largely due to national security concerns. Two Republicans announced a bill last month that would ban TikTok on all devices in the United States accusing the app of posing a national security risk. Mr. Booker also said on Sunday that there is a strong bipartisan position that wants action to respond to potential threats China could pose to the United States.
“This is something we have to take seriously,” he said “That's the problem when American companies have their secrets stolen. This is an issue we must deal with to protect our military secrecy.” In a drastic move, India's central government banned and blocked 138 betting apps and 94 lending apps with links to China. According to government sources on February 5.
The move was made after it was confirmed that the apps above violate Section 69 of the Information Technology Act, as they contain tools that are detrimental to consumer entities in India. The move is based on several complaints, about extortion and harassment of civilians who have borrowed money through mobile apps. It is known that these applications are the product of Chinese nationals who have hired Indians and appointed them as executives According to initial information, difficult individuals were lured to borrow money and then increase the interest rate up to 3,000% a year. When the debtor was unable to pay the interest, the individuals representing this application started harassing the debtors.
They send threatening messages, embarrass them with messages sent to people in their contacts. The problem was brought to the attention after a series of suicides, especially in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana by people who had taken such loans. States like Telangana, Odisha and Uttar Pradesh as well as the central intelligence agencies then asked the Home Office to take action against these apps.
Based on initial information, the interior ministry began analyzing 28 Chinese loan applications six months ago. However, they found that another 94 apps were working through third-party links. India's Ministry of Information and Broadcasting has issued an advisory, saying that since betting and gambling is illegal in most parts of the country, the advertising of these betting platforms, also as their representative, is illegal under the law. U.S. Transportation Secretary Pete Buttigieg said Sunday he wants to stay in his current position,
when asked if he would run for the Senate seat in Michigan after he and his family moved to the state. "I plan to vote in that election as a regular resident of Michigan." Pete told CNN. “The job that I'm doing is, first of all, the best job in the federal government It can be really difficult and demanding, with all the problems the transportation system faces, but it's also incredibly rewarding.”
Michigan State Senator Debbie Stabenow announced last month that she would not run for re-election in 2024 leaving Democrats scrambling to decide who to put in the race to replace her. The race is likely to be highly competitive, as Republicans see this seat as a potential option to help regain a majority in the Senate. Representative Haley Stevens also said last month she would not run for the Senate, saying she still had a lot of work to do as a Representative. Buttigieg moved from Indiana to Michigan last July to be closer to his family.
He moved to Traverse City, where the family bought a house two years ago. He continued on CNN: "My job now takes up 110% of my time, and obviously I serve under the direction of the president As long as he is willing to let me continue to do this work, then I am proud to be part of the department of transport.” According to some experts, Pervez Musharraf, the recently deceased former president of Pakistan, is a divisive figure in the South Asian country's politics He helped the country return to a period of economic stability, but was accused of abusing power and undermining democracy.
The leader has ruled for nearly a decade, after coming to power in a bloodless coup in 1999. His career was marred by numerous allegations of abuse of power, including the brutal arrest of opponents as well as his involvement in the assassination of former prime minister Benazir Bhutto. The decision to back the United States in the invasion of Afghanistan, in exchange for a huge amount of aid, was also controversial. A 24-year-old student named Mohammad Waqas in Islamabad said “President Musharaf has promoted educational standards and infrastructure in Pakistan,” “He brought development to the country. But on the other hand, the country has suffered in the face of terrorism
America's entry into the war in Afghanistan has weakened our country." Pakistan is currently going through an economic crisis and widespread political instability ahead of elections later this year. In the face of the turmoil, some people still remember Mr. Musharraf with a certain fondness.
“He was a good ruler,” said 70-year-old Muhammad Khan from Islamabad. “There has never been a leader like him before, and there will never be another like him.” Veteran politician and Musharraf ally Elahi told AFP: "He is an understanding ruler who loves to work, works hard and appreciates new initiatives."
In 2006, US President George W. Bush called General Musharraf a powerful leader who had become the target of attacks by opponents of moderate ideology. However, his moves to overthrow the elected government, and to suspend the constitution for a long time have also generated discontent.
Retired civil servant Naeem Ul Haq Satti in Islamabad told AFP: An act of his, which will be remembered throughout history, is a violation of the constitution. The most important thing a country has is a constitution.” In the face of growing pressure for democratic elections, General Musharraf's repression of critics grew stronger. He suspended the constitution for the second time in 2007, rounding up thousands of protesters and firing the chief justice leading to widespread protests. Balochistan businessman Abdul Basit told AFP: "General Musharraf is one of those military dictators who has ruled the country wrongly, by bringing a group of flatterers into the cabinet." Under Musharraf, Pakistan has stepped up its war against ethnic Baloch separatists, with a campaign to kill key separatist leader Akbar Bugti in 2006, an assassination that further fanned the flames of the opposition movement.
Businessman Basit continued: "People recognize General Musharraf for developing the country but on the other hand, like his predecessors, he also devastated the country." General Musharraf resigned in 2008 and faced years of legal wrangling, eventually being sentenced to death for treason That ruling was later overturned by the successor administration. The former dictator spent the last months of his life peacefully in Dubai, when his Muslim League party was no longer strong in politics. South Korea's presidential office said on Sunday that former journalist Lee Do-woon has been appointed the new spokesman for President Yoon Suk Yeol after the position was vacant for five months. This position has been vacant since early September, after former spokesman Kang In-sun moved into the role of public relations secretary of the presidential office.
Mr. Lee graduated from Yonsei University's diplomatic and political science department, began his career as a reporter for the Seoul Shinmun daily newspaper in 1990, and then as a resident reporter in Washington, where he held the position of chief political office and deputy director. In early 2017, when former UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon considered running for president Mr. Lee left the newspaper to serve as Ban Ki-moon's spokesman After Mr. Ban decided not to run for president, Mr. Lee returned to the media
and worked as an editor for the conservative daily Munhwa Ilbo. President Yoon's press secretary Kim Eun-hye told reporters on Sunday afternoon: "Mr. Lee has profound analysis and balanced views, on the situation at home and abroad, as well as the current political, diplomatic and social issues. It is expected that he will act as a bridge to accurately convey the will of President Yoon Suk Yeol to the people."
Mr. Lee said upon his appointment: “As the spokesman, I will represent the will of the president and the office of the president, and will also play the role of listening to the thoughts of the media and the people to move to the office of the president.” China is planning to appoint Assistant Foreign Minister Wu Jianghao, who has worked in Japan as a diplomat for more than 10 years, as its next ambassador in Tokyo. According to sources familiar with bilateral relations said on Saturday 4/2. Mr. Wu, who will replace current ambassador Kong Xuanyou, is also an expert on Japan and is expected to work to stabilize the bilateral relationship, which is still precarious due to territorial disputes and many other issues. Sources say a farewell reception for Ambassador Kong, who started work in 2019, could be held in Tokyo at the end of February.
China is seeking Japan's approval for Mr. Wu's appointment, and has scheduled a meeting between Ambassador Kong and Prime Minister Fumio Kishida before Ambassador Kong leaves office. Mr. Wu worked at the Chinese Embassy in Tokyo twice, from 1993 to 1998 and from 2002 to 2008 He served as China's ambassador to Sri Lanka and was also the Director of the Department of Asian Affairs of China's Ministry of Foreign Affairs, before being promoted to assistant foreign minister in 2020. Meanwhile, Ambassador Kong has worked to improve bilateral relations, as the dispute over the Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, coupled with the increasingly bitter confrontation between Beijing and Washington, dominates. Sino-Japanese relations. Ambassador Kong attempted to organize President Xi Jinping's state visit to Japan in the spring of 2020 but the trip was postponed due to the Covid-19 pandemic.
According to official data, China's massive south-to-north water conduction project has diverted more than 60 billion cubic meters of water from major rivers in the south to the frequently drought-stricken northern region. This amount of water is larger than the average annual discharge of the Yellow River the country's second longest river. More than 150 million people have directly benefited from this project. China's South to North water pipeline project has three routes. The midline, the most prominent
starts at the Danjiangkou Reservoir in Hubei province, running through Henan and Hebei before reaching the capital Beijing and the city of Tianjin. It started supplying water in December 2014. The eastern line began operating in November 2013, transferring water from the eastern province of Jiangsu to areas including Tianjin and Shandong The West Line is in the planning stage and has not been built yet. Jiang Xuguang, the project's leader, said that China will accelerate the construction of the next water pipeline project in 2023, as well as accelerate the construction of the nationwide water network. The Pope on Sunday said that the law criminalizing LGBT people is sinful and unjust, because God loves and accompanies all living beings. The pope made his remarks that, in response to a question from a reporter on a plane returning from a trip to Africa, received full support from two other Christian leaders on a joint plane with him.
The Pope continued: “The criminalization of homosexuality is an unacceptable problem. Fifty countries have criminalized homosexuals in one way or another, and about 10 other countries have laws that include the death penalty for them. Currently, 66 UN member states criminalize same-sex relationships In many countries where same-sex relationships are illegal, the penalties can range up to the death penalty. “This is not true,” the pope continued.
“People with homosexual tendencies are also children of God. The GOD loves them like all other life. It is a sin to condemn someone because they are like that Criminalizing people with homosexual tendencies is an injustice." He noted that, as the Catechism of the Catholic Church says, same-sex attraction is not a sin, LGBT people should not be marginalized.
While visiting Ireland in 2018, the pope also said that parents cannot give up their LGBT children, but must keep them in a loving family. The Pope made the trip to South Sudan, the second country on the trip.