ONE HOUR ENGLISH LESSON - Learn English with the NEWS And Improve Your Fluency
Welcome to this one. Our English lesson today you're going to learn English with the news. We're going to read two different news articles together so you can learn a lot of advanced vocabulary, complex, grammar and correct pronunciation. Let's get started, Anna, May Wong actress becomes first. Asian-American on US currency. Now, currency,
This is another word for money. So, currency is just describing the money in the US currency is in dollars or coins in paper bills or coins. So currency is another word for money. Actress, Anna May Wong is set to become the first Asian American to be featured on US currency basically what the title said. Now here this is a great expression to be set to become. So what do you
notice here? What is this to become? This is an infinitive and infinitive and a what kind of verb is this? Well, of course, the verb to be right now, this is important because it helps you understand the sentence structure for Expressions because this expression is formed with the verb be and then set B set. And then we have our infinitive. Now in this case, the infinitive is to become but we could change the infinitive verb to something else and the notice we We have our verb conjugated with our subject, who is the subject? Anna May Wong, of course. So our subject is she? And that's why it is, is she is set to become. Now, what does this mean be set to
+ infinitive? So, this simply means be ready to or be prepared to. So you can use it in the same way. You might say. For example, I'm set to present at tomorrow's meeting. So my verb to be is conjugated with the subject. I, we have our verb set which doesn't change,
and then we have our infinitive. In this case, my verb is present and the infinitive doesn't change. Also, so the only thing you're conjugating is the verb to be. I'm set to present. Present at tomorrow's meeting. Now, native speakers will frequently add the word all for no reason at all. It doesn't add anything to the meaning of it. I'm all set. I'm all set to go to the mall. I'm ready to go to the mall. You don't have to do that. It's just optional. So you could say,
I'm set. I'm set to go to the airport for example. I'm ready to go. I'm prepared to go. She will appear as part of an effort to feature notable women on American quarters Wong. Who is considered the first Chinese American film star in Hollywood is the fifth and final woman to be individually featured on the coin this year. Okay, on the coin, what coin are? We talking about? Hmm, a little listening comprehension quiz for you on the coin, the coin, which coin? Well the coin is here, the quarter the quarter, this could be tricky for you if you're not familiar with American currency, which again means money. So quarter is a type of coin which is why we have it here and the value is 25 cents or .25.
.25 of a dollar. That's the value of a quarter so doesn't get you very much. Now, I want to talk about pronunciation because I hear a lot of mistakes with the pronunciation of women. Women. This is well, I'll ask you, is this singular or plural singular or plural women, women notable women, this is plural, So one woman two women, I want you to notice my pronunciation one woman. Whoo woman woman to with it, women to women. One woman, two women. Good pronunciation tip for you to practice All right. Now keep in mind this quarter because I know there's a
picture of the quarter below so you'll get to see this. And remember a quarter is a coin and its currency and it's worth 25 cents or .25 of a dollar. The quarter will enter General circulation on Monday to enter General circulation. This is a
very formal way of saying will be used by people, so you will get it. When you go to a store, when you go to the bank, you will receive it. I don't think you really need to know that for your vocabulary. It's quite formal. But for listening comprehension for reading comprehension now Now, you know what it means? It what does the it represent it the quarter, the quarter that's the it it the corridor will feature President George Washington on one side and Wong on the other. So we have this coin. There's two sides of the coin. One side is the president the other side Wong. Ventris, Gibson, director of the US Mint called Wong, a courageous Advocate, who Champion for increased representation and more multi-dimensional roles for Asian American actors.
Now, here at this is a good word to have in your vocabulary. It's quite formal but we use this often in a business contacts and you will see it a lot when you're reading anything from the news. So you here, in this case, there are using it as a noun, she was an advocate notice. I have a courageous Jesus Advocate because right now Advocate is separated by my adjective courageous. So because of that, this is our adjective because of that, I need my article. Ah,
because a goes with courageous, but if I just have Advocate and no adjectives in front of it, then I need an and Advocate because we use n when you have vowel sound a vowel sound before and advocate, so you can say she was an advocate. This is the noun. We very commonly used this as a verb form. She advocated for Asian-American actors. She advocated for when you advocate for notice our preposition Choice here you don't Advocate to Advocate on advocate in you advocate for when you're learning vocabulary. It's very helpful to learn the prepositions when you learn the words because if you don't use the correct preposition it will be grammatically incorrect and it won't sound. Very good either, she advocated for Asian-American actors, so you can advocate for someone this would be a, someone a group of people you can also advocate for something. So you might say,
she advocated for increased representation. So this is a something, our preposition doesn't change. We still need for in both Cases something something increased representation or someone Asian-American actors, and when you advocate for someone or something you act as a representative for them, a supporter for them, you want to promote their views and you want to promote their cause whatever that cause maybe so you're supporting them. It's just a more Cool way of saying it but very common in a newspaper context.
You'll hear it a lot in the media and it is a good business verb to have as well. This quarter. Oh we're going to see the quarter. Are you excited? Dun dun dun here's the corridors. So remember this is worth 25 cents or 1/4 of a dollar, .25 of a dollar 1/4, that's why it's called quarter. So this is a coin, remember coin? A coin, the name of the coin is a quarter. There are different coins in American currency and
remember currency is money. So this is a type of currency and the type of coin. It is is a quarter. This is a very nice quarter, isn't it? So if you're in the u.s. right now, you can go to a store, go to a bank, and you might receive this coin. You might receive
this quarter. That would be pretty cool. And remember, on the other side we have president. Was it George Washington? I believe. This quarter is designed to reflect the breadth and depth of accomplishments, by Anna, May Wong, who overcame challenges, and obstacles. She faced during her lifetime. She said, let's look at breadth and depth.
Now breath is the range. So, if someone has a breadth of knowledge, it means their knowledge is why. On many different subjects and daps you can think of as this way. So you have all these different
subjects. Let's say one subject is politics and then you have your depth of politics. So, you know many different subjects, that's your breadth of knowledge. And then within each subject, you know, a lot about that subject and that's your depth. So that That's a great expression. We have we usually use breadth and depth in terms of knowledge here you can see they're doing it with accomplishments. So she could have a breadth of accomplishments, maybe
accomplishments as an actress accomplishments, as a teacher accomplishments as an advocate and then within each accomplishment, she has a depth of compliments. So she has many different times that she advocated or many different times that she was a successful actress. Let so here's our lovely quarter. Again, I'd really like to see one in person. Now, let's move on Wang was born in Los Angeles, in 1905, 1905. Notice how I'm pronouncing this as 0. The number is 0 0 1 2 3. I have zero dollars in my bank account. Hopefully you don't It's need to say that I have zero dollars in my bank account. Hopefully,
not you. Now of course that is this 0 0 1, 2 3. But I wouldn't say 1905 I would for dates. Let me continue here with our date, so with date, you pronounce it as. Oh that's the pronunciation 1905 1905. That's the pronunciation here. But if I'm telling someone my phone number, I might say,
I could say 00 19. If this was part of my phone number or 00 19. So you could do either with a phone number 0 or 0. Both of them are quite common, to be honest. So with phone numbers, Addresses. Even I live at 0 0, 1 9, or 0 0, 1 9, addresses money, you would say 0. So for money, you would definitely say zero
But for dates, we would say oh 1905. Wang was born in Los Angeles, in 1905, to Chinese immigrants, her name at Birth was Wang Lu sung. I'm not sure how to pronounce that, but later in life, she adopted the stage name of, Anna, May Wong. And I'm sure this is exactly why she changed her knee because, Americans don't know how to pronounce that unfortunately formed by joining her English and family names. She was cast in her first role at 14 as an extra in the film, The Red Lantern and continue to take on smaller parts and tell her lead role in the to love the sea in 1922, you probably don't know these movies, maybe you do. I don't know these movies.
Let's look at this here. What did I want to show you? Okay, first of all, when you are cast in a movie role, this is a verb specific for the entertainment industry. So you can be cast in a TV, show, a play a movie, anything that you perform in, and that, Is used for the entertainment industry. It means that she was hired for the job, but they don't use this vocabulary in the entertainment industry. This is why when
you're learning a language is so important to understand the specific industry you're in, and then learn the terms and the vocabulary of that industry, if you're in the medical industry, Astri. Or if you're a lawyer or an engineer, you're going to have very specific vocabulary to your industry and you need to learn that vocabulary. So if you're in the entertainment industry you should probably already know this verb to be cast in a role. So anyone else would
just say she was hired for the job. This is in a regular context, not the entertainment. Tainment industry. Okay, here we have a great phrasal verb to take on to take on. When you take something on you,
accept responsibility for a project or a task. In this case, she accepted responsibility for a part which is a part of a movie. So she was in the movie for a portion of time. Your boss, for example, might say, can you take on this client? Which means can you accept responsibility for this client for this job? Or I took on too many projects last month. So last month you said, yes, I can do that. Yes, I can do that. Yes, I can do that. You accepted
responsibility for different tasks or different assignments but it was too much or you might say. Sorry, I can't take that on right now. I already have a lot on my plate. I'm teaching you a bonus expression right here. The expression is to have a lot on and then one's plate. The one in this case is me, so I'm changing it to my, but I might say you have a lot on your plate, she has a lot on her plate. He has a lot on his plate. They have a lot on their plate. Now that it means to be very busy to have a lot on one's plate is an idiom and it means to be very busy. So that could be the reason why you can take that
on that being whatever project it is. I can't take on that project. I can't take that on. Have a lot on my plate, so that's a great idiom for you to start using. She appeared in more than 60 movies across her career. That's a lot of movies that's impressive
including silent films and one of her first one of the first made in Technicolor interesting. Wang was also the first Asian-American lead actor in a US television show. The Gallery of Madame Louise song in which she played a Chinese Detective. After facing discrimination in the u.s.,
she traveled to Europe to work in English, French and German films. I like this expression here after. And then you have a gerund, this is a great sentence structure for you to use to sound quite Advanced. So you can say, after graduating, I moved abroad.
after improving my English, I took on more Public speaking. So you accepted responsibility for I took on more public speaking after improving. Now you could absolutely say after I improved and then everything else would be the same but no one is. In this case, we're using a gerund verb and in this case I'm using subject and then Then my verb is going to be conjugated in the past simple because the action is complete. After I graduated I moved abroad after graduating. I moved abroad to me. This sounds
very natural. It has a nice flow to it and it sounds more advanced than saying after I graduated. So I highly recommend you. Add this to your vocabulary. Remember it is, After +, gerund. After plus gerund, which is your verb and ing.
How much do we have? Okay, we're almost done here. She was awarded a star on the Hollywood, Walk of Fame in 1960 and died. The following year aged 56. Gem and Chan known for appearing in Crazy Rich Asians and Marvel's eternals is set to portray Wang in an upcoming biopic about the star's life. Oh so we're going to have a movie coming out about Wang in the near future. Now here's our expression again is set to what does this mean is prepared to or ready to? And remember it's too.
Be set and then infinitive. So here our infinitive is to portray and are verb to be is conjugated with, he she it. Because what's the subject in this case? Our subject is Gemma Chan. Our subject is quite far removed from our verb, which happens a lot in spoken English, of course, but it happens equally in written English. All of this in the commas is just extra additional information, but our subject is Gemma Chan and our verb is conjugated with the subject, she's ready to preach. Trey Wong.
The American women, the American women Quarters Program. So this is one name of something. The American women Quarters Program. Remember our pronunciation of women with women. Women, the American women Quarters Program began this year. And will feature five women each year until 2025 native Hawaiian hula. Ulla teacher, Edith, Kanna. Cannot go Olay, cannot go. Olay has been named as one of the selections for 2023,
so they're talking about a different quarter. So remember our kurta quarter, so in 2023 is going to be the Hawaiian hula teacher, who's going to be on the quarter. So you can look out for that as well. Has been named as one of the selections for 2023. So that was the end of the article. There was one other thing I wanted to explain before we wrap up,
which means to end before we wrap up, before we end the following year, aged 56, I see a lot of mistakes with age so you can say she was 56 when she died. so, this is correct, you can also say She was 56 years old when she died, that is correct. How about this one? She was 56 years when she died. What do you think? She was 56 years when she died is this correct or incorrect? What do you think this is incorrect? You can't see that. I see this a lot. So you have two options when saying age you can say, just the number 56, she was 56 or you can include years old. 56 years old. Those are your two options. This is
not correct. You cannot just say years. You either have to Get rid of it, or you have to add old, but this by itself is not correct. So make sure you don't say that one. And that is the end of the article. So, I hope you enjoyed learning about our actress who is on the quarter and a May Wong. And remember you can watch that upcoming movie about her that's going to be played by Yama-chan so that will be quite interesting. So I hope you enjoyed the article. Amazing job
with that article. Now we're going to move on to the next article. Feel free to take a pause, get a cup of tea if you like, and let's continue on. The headline is gaslighting Merriam-Webster pigs. Its word of the year, of course, Merriam-Webster is the dictionary the most common dictionary in. American English Cambridge Dictionary, being the most common in British English and their word of the year is gaslighting. Don't worry, if you don't know what this is, you'll learn all about gaslighting. The new word of the year in this lesson. So let's continue on when British playwright, Patrick Hamilton wrote Gaslight in 1938 little, did he know how Often the word would be used in the 21st century.
So this explains the image right here. It's from the film Gaslight. I personally have not seen this film. I have never heard of this film. As you can see, it's from 1938, which is probably why I haven't heard of it now. They will give us the definition of gas Right. Merriam-Webster America's oldest dictionary publisher has just chosen gaslighting as its word of the Year searches on its website. For the word
have spanked by 1700 40% in 2022, according to the company. Now, let's take a look at this. Searches have spiked have spiked. So when something spikes, generally, it's something that is on a chart, or on a graph. And when you have a spike, it's a very sharp and sudden increase, so you can think of it as a drastic increase.
Let me give you another example using Spike. Remember, this is our verb. So we need to conjugate our verb. I could say gas prices. Have spiked have spiked in recent months. It's been months. Now, in recent months, gas prices have spiked. So, they went from here, to here, quite quickly, there was a Drastic increase, have spiked and what verb tense, am I using right here? Have spiked. I'm using the present, perfect, to show an action that started in the past and continues until now.
And, you know that, because I also say, in recent months, in recent months right here. Now, also notice I have have Have because gas prices. This is plural. So this is what subject is it? I you he she it. We they you can always think back to the subject. This is they have spiked. So if I has something singular such as
The price of milk has spiked the price of milk has spiked. Now, I can definitely use it without a Time reference and still use the present perfect. This shows a past action. So this is a completed past action, okay? But I haven't in the present, perfect, because there is an impact on The present when I go to the grocery store today, I have to pay more money for milk. That's the
impact on the present. Even though the action of the price increase is completed its in the past. So that's why it's in the present perfect. And notice how I'm not saying milk has spiked that doesn't really make sense. Milk, what about it? It's the price. Price of milk, the price. So that's why I said here, gas prices, gas prices have spiked the price of milk has spiked and our subject for this is it if you turn it into a subject. I you he she it. And that's why we have has it. Has they have
So, you can use this when you have items on a chart. Price is a great. One sales could have spiked as well, which is really positive. You see a drastic increase in sales sales have spiked for example. Now, you're probably wondering. Well, what is gaslighting? What does this mean? Gas lighting is the act or practice of grossly, misleading? Someone, especially for one's own Advantage. Okay, this is the definition here. Now, let's take a look at grossly Grossly, grossly, misleading. Someone, when you add grossly, it's the same meaning,
as a lot when you're misleading. Someone, a lot when you're grossly, misleading, someone. So, you can think in this specific context, you can think of this grossly as a lot and the a lot is referring to how much you're misleading. Now if you're not sure what misleading someone means, it's when you give information to somebody that is false and you know that information is false and you want that person to act according to that false information. So let's say I know that there's a sale on on at the Apple Store tomorrow but they have a very limited supply of iPhones that are on sale and my friend also wants an iPhone, but there's a very limited Supply and I know this sale is tomorrow, but my friend might ask me Jennifer, when's the sale and I say, oh, it's next week the sale is Next week I just misled my friend because I gave her false information and I did it because I want to benefit in some way from that. I want the sale for myself. I don't want my friends to have the sale so I just misled my friend so it's when you To provide false information on purpose to influence, someone's actions or decisions. I influence my friends decision or action because she isn't going to go to the store tomorrow. She's going to go next week and miss the sale and then I can add four ones.
Own benefit which is right here. Once own Advantage benefit, they're the same thing and it just means I am going to win and my friend is going to lose in some way. Now I'm going to scroll down because I shared another definition of gas lighting and some other examples. So let's just scroll down and we'll review those now and then we'll come back. So gaslighting this is a noun and remember you can download this PDF so you can have this and it's here's another definition I provided the action of tricking or controlling someone by making them believe that. Things that are not true especially by suggesting that they may be mentally ill. So I included this definition because it shows how severe gaslighting is and is generally Psychological. It's a form of trying to trick someone psychologically,
so making them think that there's something wrong with them when there isn't something wrong with them. So, I shared this second definition and then there's some examples, gaslighting is a form, a psychological abuse because you're trying to make someone think that something is wrong with them. Now, notice gaslighting, we started with our Aaron are Jaron because gas lighting is a noun. So I'm starting my sentence with the Jaron, which acts as the subject of the sentence gaslighting is a form of psychological abuse, his gaslighting. So it's just the action belonging to him. His gas lighting was a
deliberate attempt to convince her that she was losing her grasp on reality. When someone loses their grasp on reality. It's another way of saying that they're they're going crazy in a very drastic way that again, it's that psychological abuse. You're trying to make someone seem like they aren't aren't okay in their head in their and so losing your grasp on reality, her father used a gaslighting tactic. So I want
you to notice how it's being used, how the word is being used in these different sentences, her father used a gaslighting tactic when he declared that she must have imagined the entire episode. So imagine you tell your father, something traumatic that Been to you, perhaps they're your laptop was was stolen, okay? And you're telling your father and your father is trying to convince you that you didn't have a laptop. So now you start to doubt yourself and you start to doubt. I didn't have a laptop. What I thought it was stolen. I must be losing my grasp on reality.
T. I must be going crazy. There's something wrong with me psychologically because I thought my laptop was stolen. And my father who I trust is telling me I didn't even have a laptop. So as you can see, it's a very severe word and it has a very negative consequences. So get comfortable with these example. Sentences to see how you can use. Gas lighting in your speech. Now let's go back to our article now that you know what gasps lading is in this age of Miss information misinformation, so notice when we add this Miss on to information, Miss information is false false information.
Which is interesting because we can take our word lead lead someone, but when you add Miss in front of it, it means that your falsely leading them so it's the same suffix in a way. So, just remember information but if you add miss, it means false information. In this age of false information, fake news conspiracy theories, Twitter trolls, and deep fakes. Gaslighting has emerged as a word for our time. Merriam Webster said, in a statement on Monday notice here has emerged. This is our present perfect. It's
a completed action in the past that has an impact on the present. The impact is now, everybody is talking about this. It's the word of the year and notice gas lighting is singular. So that's why we Have has it would be conjugated as it it has emerged.
Curiously. Search interest in the word was not driven by any single event. The company's editor-at-large told the Associated Press. So notice your curiously now watch my face curiously. Hmm. So they're saying this to say well hmm isn't that interesting? Hmm curiously so they're saying they're surprised by this Curiously. So, you can add that when you want your audience to understand that,
it's not something you expected. So you might say, Curiously, she turned down the promotion. So when you turn something down, you do not accept the offer. So you can say curiously, she did not accept the promotion. That's the meaning of to turn down is she did not accept, but we would expect her to Except the promotion, right? So if I say curiously, hmm, why did she do that? Hmm, it makes you think about it. It makes you wonder, it's not what you expect it. Search interest in the word was not driven by okay.
Was not driven by. So this is a great expression, notice the sentence structure because this is Advanced something Is driven by something. Now, this is another way of saying caused by. When you want to provide the reason why. So I could say recent sales were driven by Black Friday.
So, of course, all prices are reduced on Black Friday, right? There's promotions. So I could say recent sales were driven by Black Friday. This is another way of saying we're caused by. When I want to provide the reason cause, so, I can say driven by or caused by. Now, notice the sentence structure because this is in the passive form. Recent sales. This is plural. There's more than one. So, I mean, I need my verb to be,
they they were, I need my plural form of the verb to be, and it's in the past simple, because it's the passive voice. Now, driven does not change because it's in the passive. If I wanted to put this in the active sentence, what would I do any ideas? I need to start with Black Friday.
Drove recent sales. Drove is in the past, simple Drive, drove driven. I'll write that down for you. Drive, drove driven. Those are our three forms. As you can see.
It's irregular Black Friday, drove recent sales. That's the active, in the passive. Recent sales were driven by Black Friday. So, this is our active. Active. So that's an advanced structure. That will sound really great adding to your speech. Let's continue. It was a word looked up frequently every single day of the year.
Peter Soco, sokolowski your guess is as good as mine. Peter sokolowski told the u.s. wire service. So notice, here are phrasal verb to look something up. This is another way of saying to search for and we use it specifically with internet searches with Google searches when you're trying to find information. It was a word looked up. So this is very common. Someone might ask you, can you look up when the store closes? So they want you to look it up. They want you to Google. When does the store closed? They want you to find the information and then share the information with them. Can you look up when the store closes? Did you look that up yet?
So they're a few minutes later an hour later. Hey did you look that up yet? Yeah, I looked it up but I couldn't find anything. Let me call them. So you're saying you trying to find you looked it up, you Googled it. But there was no information available online so you have to call them. So very common phrasal verb. Gaslighting derives its Origins from Hamilton's. Victorian era play set in London about a
middle-class marriage based on lies and deceit. That makes sense. Right? Because gas leading is all about lying to someone misleading. Someone remember misleading Miss information to try to make someone think they're losing their grasp on reality. They're going crazy. Lead character, Jack, Manningham seeks to convince his wife. Bella that she is going insane. So insane is another way of saying you're losing your grasp on reality including by
saying she is Imagining the dimming of the gas light in their home. Oh this is interesting. This is interesting because it shows you where the word comes from because isn't it? Beard gaslighting. What is that? What kind of word is that? Well, it's from this play where this exact situation happened. Hmm, this is very interesting to me at least because I had no idea where this term came from. So the gas light is just
the light but of course, back in 1930s, they used gas to light their lamps and their home. The play was twice adopted for the screen in the UK, in 1940. Then in the u.s. in 1944, the American version which stars in Greg Bergman, won two Academy Awards and is preserved in the US national film registry as a culturally historically or aesthetically significant work. So, that just tells you about the importance of the film, which Didn't know anything about this film, so that's quite interesting. Now, maybe I'll watch this film, but as Merriam-Webster notes while the term referred primarily, to psychological manipulation in the 20th century, it's modern use is driven by the vast increase in channels and Technologies used to mislead people, especially in personal and political context. So this
is interesting. There are saying Primarily it was about psychological what? I didn't have a laptop or why the light was always this bright. They're trying to trick you psychologically, but there are saying now, the word is evolving into using more General Miss information. Remember Miss information, false information. And here, they're showing us again the word mislead Miss Lee.
Because there are channels and Technologies used to mislead people. So there might be a channel telling you that you should do this for some specific reason. But they're misleading, you is false information and it could be for a personal gain or a political gain as well. And notice again is driven by its modern use. So it being
Being the term gaslighting. So the modern use of the term gaslighting is driven by so it's caused by the vast increase. Vast means a lot of vast increase. So it's a significant increase that could be another way of thinking of it. That's another very useful adjectives.
Adjective to have significant. Increase vast increase. So these are just terms to say, increase a lot there, adjectives, significant increase fast increase. That's an adjective there. And significant increase, that's a very Advanced adjectives and seeing with vast increase. Of course, it sounds a lot more advanced than saying it increased a lot. It increased a lot. There was a significant increase significant increase. There was
a vast increase, so that's a great Advanced adjective that you can use and that's the end of the article. So now, you know, all about gaslighting, the word of the year. Year. So now I'm going to read the article from start to finish so you can practice along with my pronunciation. Gaslighting Merriam-Webster Pink's. Its word of the year. When British playwright, Patrick Hamilton wrote Gaslight in 1938. Little, did he know how often the word would be used in the 21st century. Merriam-Webster America's oldest, dictionary publisher has
just chosen gaslighting as its word of the Year searches on its website for the word, have spy. By 1700 40% in 2022. According to the company gaslighting is the act or practice of grossly, misleading. Someone, especially for one's own advantage. In this age of Miss information of fake news, conspiracy theories. Twitter trolls and deep fakes gaslighting has emerged as a word for our time. Merriam Webster said in a statement on Monday curiously, search interest in the word was not driven by any single event. The company's editor-at-large told the Associated Press,
it was a word looked up frequently every single day of the year. Peter sokolowski told the u.s. wire service gaslighting derives its Origins from Hamilton's victorian-era play. And in about a middle-class marriage based on lies and deceit lead, character, Jack, Manningham seeks to convince his wife, Bella that she is going insane. Including by saying she is Imagining the dimming of the gas light in their home. The play was twice,
adopted for the screen in the UK, in 1940. Then in the u.s. in 1944, the American version, which Which stars Ingrid, Bergman won, two Academy Awards and is preserved in the u.s. National film registry as a culturally historically or aesthetically significant work. But as Merriam-Webster notes, while the term referred primarily, to psychological manipulation in the 20th century is modern, use is driven by the vast increase in channels and Technologies used to mislead people especially Really in personal and political context. Amazing job with this lesson. If you're up for it,
I have another lesson right here that I know you're going to love and make sure you get your free speaking guide where I share six tips on how to speak English fluently, and confidently. You can get it from my website right here and when you're ready, get started with your next lesson.