Charles de Gaulle: The Leader of Free France
This episode is made possible by the realistic. Online game war thunder check out the game through the link in the description, below go through that link and you'll not only support, this show be also get a free premium tank or aircraft and three, days of premium time as a bonus and let's, get into app actually, before we get into it I just want to say that there are French pronunciations. In this one indeed, the man's name himself shall, do gol that's. I believe how you pronounce it in French I'm gonna go with the accepted. English pronunciation of, Charles de Gaulle because, it's easier, for me unless, like to destroy it up there's also other French pronunciations. If you don't like it deal, with it or just, have a go at me in the comments below I'm not gonna read them. Charles. De Gaulle was the sort of man who turned, heads at 6 foot 5 inches in height he towered, over his contemporaries, and with his regal, bearing and firm gaze he exuded, an air, of forth right self-confidence. Throughout, his life his unswerving, love, for France coupled, with his determination to, right the wrongs of the past turned, him into a hero of the resistance movement and one, of the French Republic's, truly, great statesman, in today's by graphics, we examine, the very full life of Charles, de Gaulle. Charles. Andre Joseph Marie de Gaulle was born, on November the 22nd, 1890. He was the third of five children to Henri and jean de Gaulle honoré was a military man who had served in the franco-prussian war, by the time his second son was born he was a teacher at a Catholic school in the French industrial. Region, of Lille, shortly. After, the birth of Charles, the family, moved to Paris where on Rita got the position as the headmaster. Of the Jesuit college of the Immaculate, Conception Andre, was a lover of history and the glory of France Knights. In the de Gaulle home would often, be spent with the children gathered around to listen to their father, regale them with stories, of the country's history and the past their ancestors, had played in it Charles, would later recall the stories his father would tell them about their, most famous ancestor, celia, hunter Ghul knight, who fought, against the English, at the Battle of Agincourt. The glorious history of his nation that Charles was learning at the feet of his father came, with a distrust, of the country's natural, enemy of the British honor II would not allow his children to learn the English language Charles, his mother Jean loved her country more than a husband Charles, would later say that she had an uncompromising.
Love For her country that was equal, to her religious, piety the, defeat of France of the Battle of Sudan in 1870. During the franco-prussian war, was a source of humiliation. For all French Patriots, including, the de gaulle's they, sieved with the desire to avenge, the shame that had fallen upon their once mighty nation, they kept this ambition, alive in their children with honour irregularly, taken them to the cemetery at La Baule and having, them read aloud the inscription, to the dead of 1870. The sword of France broken, in their valiant hands will once, more be reformed. By their descendants, even. Though he wasn't the smartest of the five de gold children, Charles was their natural leader, he had a mischievous, dominant, attitude and he was always organizing, some sort of practical joke on one of his siblings when, he was about six he invented his own language, which involved, speaking French backwards, he forced his brothers and sisters to learn it they naturally, objected. Was his insistence paid, off and they all became fluent at it this was an early sign of the determination. And persistent, force of character that, would come to be a trademark. Of Charles as an adult. Like. Most French boy is Charles love to play soldiers, yet when he and his brothers lined up their model armies on the bedroom floor he would exhibit a seriousness, and intensity, than, 20 on, a childhood game he always insisted on, portraying, the French army and would become cold and dispassionate during. The war games as he put his total energies, into defeating, the enemy, Charles, attended the Jesuit, college where his father was the headmaster he was a keen students, who loved, to read and developed, an early interest in philosophy, by the age of 10 though he had decided that he was going to pursue a life in the military from, that point onward Charles, was single-minded, in, his military focus, at the age of 15 he wrote an essay in which he projected. Himself forward to the year 1930. Where as General de Gaulle he led the French army in defeating, the Germans, finally inflicting. Vengeance, for the defeat of 1870. Charles. Was determined, to win a place at the military academy at socia his hard, work at school it paid off and he was accepted into the Academy in, 1909. However, prospective, officers were required, to serve a year in the ranks before entering, Officer, Training School and so in October of 1909, he was enlisted into the 33rd, Infantry, Regiment stationed. At her ass for, months later he won his first promotion, to corporal it was usual for an aspiring officer, to reach the rank of sergeant during the first year but the Gould's company commander, captain, - Roy refused, to bestow, this rank upon him when asked why he had not been promoted, to go I commented, would you have me nominate to sergeant's a boy who would only be, at his ease as the grand constable, in reflecting upon this time with a 33rd infantry DeGaulle later made the remark, that the most valuable lesson he had gotten from his first year in the ranks was that if you did the exact opposite, of what you were told to do by the noncommissioned, officers, you would get on fairly well. He. Entered the military academy, of socia in autumn, of 1910, he quickly earned reputation as an arrogant dandy, with an air superiority two, nicknames quickly, became attached to him Legrand Shaw and legrasse Pierre, this. Last title translates, as the great asparagus, and was a bear, a reference. To his stature at, six foot five inches in height he towered, over virtually everyone. That he met one of his classmates was the future of general Bette wah commander, of French troops in the 1940s. Battle of Norway he remembered to Gaul as a mediocre students he had few friends the. Fact that he graduated 13th, out of his class of 211. In 1912, seems to indicate that he was somewhat, more than mediocre it was expected, that a young man with the ambition of the goal would be chosen, to join a cavalry, regiments, as that was traditionally. The fastest, route to promotion through the ranks however, Charles had already come to the conclusion that the days of the horse soldier, they were over he believed that future wars would be won by the infantry, as a result he made the decision to return to the 33rd, infantry, at harass to gold Spenser the next two years learning the craft of an army officer it didn't take long for that lanky officer to make an impression in the town of harass heads, turned when he passed by with people being captivated. By both his extraordinary height, and his regal, bearing yet, his rather caustic, cold nature, repelled more than his impressive, appearance attracted. Not, long after, de gaulle's arrival, at Arras the 33rd, received a new commanding officer Colonel Philippe baton Charles, develops a great deal of respect for Tom in his memoirs he wrote my, first colonel patois taught, me the art of command, but always, also impressed, with de Gaulle in October.
Of 1913, he recommended, his first promotion, to first lieutenant. When. War broke out in August of 1914, the 33rd, Infantry, Regiment as, part, of the French fifth Army was deployed to do, know in order to halt the German advance throughout, that region de Gaulle was immediately, into the action, with his first engagements, on August the 15th being, the Battle of Dien oh he was wounded, in the knee and sent to the hospital to recover when, he returned to the regiment in October, many of his men and fellow, officers they were dead two months later he was promoted to regimental. Adjutant the, thirty third Infantry Regiment became, famous for their ability to crawl out into no-man's land in order to spy on the enemy the, intelligence, gathered from this work it wonder, called the quad Agora medal in February, 1915. He was promoted, to captain the following month an inconsequential hand, wound would become infected, leaving, him out of action for the next four months during, the Battle of Verdun in March of 1916. The Gaul was wounded, in the left thigh by a bayonet, and subsequently, captured after passing, out from the effects of poison gas the, Gulf spent the remainder of the war in a German prisoner of war camp he attempted to escape five times he, attempted escaped by hiding in a laundry basket digging, a tunnel digging a hole through a wall and even posing, as a nurse in order to fool the guards in letters, that he wrote to his parents, during his captivity he expressed, his great frustration, that he was unable to participate in the war effort any longer, he referred to himself as being, cuckolded. And fell, into a state of depression following. The Armistice, in 1918 he was released and returned, to his parents, home in Dordogne, in the south of France. In. Early 9020 the goal was posted, to Poland as part of the French military mission, to Poland that he served as an instructor to the Polish infantry, he served with distinction, earning the rank of major in the Polish army and being awarded the Distinguished.
Virtuti, Militari purlins. Highest, military decoration he. Returns of France in 1921. And spent a year as a military history lecturer, at the cell sere academy he then spent two years studying at the Ecole, Militaire in, Paris he graduated with a grade of a sabia or good enough and was then posted to the, Rhineland, area of Germany which was under French occupation, during the mid 1920s de, Gaulle worked as a ghostwriter for his old commander, at our ass the now marshal, baton in 1926. However the two had a falling out over a book on the history of the French soldier, that de Gaulle had ghostwritten, called, la Sol da in October, of that year he returns, the Rhine to commence, his military duties, there in 1927. After a dozen years in the army de Gaulle was promoted. To commandant. He was then posted to the occupying forces at tree Air in Germany, at the head of the 19th Shasu, a PA which was a light infantry battalion de, Gaulle was a hard taskmaster, on his soldiers often pushing, them beyond what was reasonable on one occasion he got into hot water for throwing a soldier into prison for exercising, his right to appeal to his Member of Parliament for, a transfer, to a less demanding unit even though he had had a falling out with patrol he called on his old commander, to help get him out of the mess with, the ends of the Allied occupation the Rhineland in 1929, the goal was posted, to Lebanon, and Syria he served with distinction with his commanding officer providing, him with an impressive recommendation. When he returned to France in 1931. He, then received a posting, to the General Secretariat, of the supreme war council, based in Paris his job description was, as a drafting, officer for the next six years de Gaulle gained valuable, experience in military bureaucracy over, that time he worked with government officials in drafting bills related, to the military he worked on a bill for the organization, of France during the event of war but it did not pass the Senate throughout. This period the goal was not shy about voicing his, opinion on, the military, preparations. That France was making in the event of another European, war he, considered the line of fortifications known. As the line, on which billions, of dollars were being spent to be a wasted, effort rather, than focusing, on a defensive, footing he contended, that the French needed, to be proactive, through, mechanized, warfare that, was fast moving in 1934. He wrote a book called toward, a professional, army in it he outlined his plans for the future French army with a hundred thousand men and three, thousand, tanks in 1937. De Gaulle came a step closer to realizing this ambition, when he was given commands of the five hundred and seven tank regiments, with this promotion of the tank as the key to French infantry success, he became a nationally. Known figure, with people, calling, him Colonel motors now just before we get into his later military, career I do want to tell you about today's, sponsor war thunder there fantastic because they sponsor longer videos like this and we can really dive deep into a subject so war thunder is a realistic, free-to-play, combat, game and if your fantasy becoming your own Colonel motors then why not give it a try it, always amazes me when I hear that there are millions, of players on these online games but then again I see why it's, amazing what games are like these days you can look at it right now I mean it looks incredible, and it's free so why, not in this game there are over 1200. Historically, accurate vehicles. There are tanks aircraft ships, and just incredible, vehicles from the 1930s, onwards indeed I'm just about to talk about a French tank the r35, and that's totally available in, war, thunder so this game is available on PC ps4, Xbox, one so, join, us on the battlefield for free using the link below doing, that supports, this show and it also gets you a free premium, tank or aircraft and three, days of premium, time as a bonus, just for registering. And. Let's. Get back to it. With. The French declaration, of war upon Germany in September of 1939. De Gaulle was put in command of the fifth Army's five tank battalions, mostly, equipped with our 35 light tanks in early 1940, he lobbied for the position of Secretary, General, of the war council the government's, top military advisor but, he was passed over towards. The end of march 1940, de Gaulle was given command of the newly created 4th, armored division with the German attack on May the 10th the 4th armored they went into action on May the 17th they encountered, the Germans at mon coeur ney it was a disaster, fertig all with 23, of his 90 tanks being destroyed, by mines anti-tank, weapons, dive bomber and ground, attack aircraft two, days later his reinforced. Division was decimated, for a second time despite, being ordered, to withdraw he, fought on demanding, even more reinforcements. Even though this request was denied he managed to push the Germans back to calm more but this was only a temporary respite on May the 20th de Gaulle began to retreat, in the face of the unstoppable, German, advance on May the 23rd he was promoted, to Brigadier General on, May the 28th the led an attack on a German bridgehead.
At Abbeville which captured, some 400. Prisoners by the beginning of June the goal had been recalled to Paris where he was offered and he accepted, the position of Under Secretary of State for national, defence of war On June the 8th II met with the army commander-in-chief, waggons. Who was about to announce the French surrender, when de Gaulle tried to convince him to fight on Hogan's, laughte despairingly. The, following day de Gaulle flew to London where he met British Prime Minister Winston Churchill. For the first time his attempts, to convince Churchill, to put more RAF, fighters, into the Battle of France fell on deaf ears, upon, his return to Paris he wanted, to defend the city to the last man but Weyand, had other ideas the, government was relocated to tour where a series, of meetings with British officials were held during these meetings Gauls fighting, resolve impressed, the Brits standing, in stark contrast with, other French leaders On June the 6th de Gaulle was back, in London discussing, the logistics, of a troop withdrawal to French North Africa when he returned to France later that day discovered, the Prime Minister Renault had resigned. To be replaced by marshal, who was intent, on signing an armistice with the Germans, the goal now fled France for, London ahead of the German takeover on June the 18th Churchill, offered him airtime on BBC Radio to address the French people in the speech the Gaul encouraged, his countrymen to be brave during the occupation resisting. It as best, they could, the next day he gave another broadcast this time he was more critical of the baton government, denouncing, it as illegitimate, on June the 22nd, following the signing of the armistice, de Gaulle took to the BBC again he, denounced, the surrender and again declared the French government illegitimate On, June the 28th, the British government recognized, Gaul as the leader of free France his government. In exile consisted, of three Colonels, twelve captains and three battalions of Legionnaires, over, the following month the Gauls main weapon was BBC, radio he would give broadcasts, an average of three times per month denouncing, the occupation, government based, in Vichy UNS urging, Frenchmen to resist, the occupation the, Patong government sentenced, a gold to death in absentia throughout the war years the gold was able to slowly build up the Free French army on April the 21st, 1943. He boarded a plane enroute to Scotland, to inspect his navy the plane almost crashed on takeoff and it was later found that it had been sabotage using acid in May of 1943. De Gaulle moved his headquarters to, French Algiers, where he became the head of the French committee of national liberation he, became involved in the planning for the d-day invasion although. The Americans, and British became, increasingly, frustrated with, his insistence that he was the rightful leader of France he returned to Britain on June the 4th 1944. Whereupon, Churchill, asked him to address, the French people over BBC Radio in anticipation. Of the Allied invasion, however the script he was given did not acknowledge him, as the legitimate interim, ruler of France and so he refused to deliver it. In. The wake of the d-day invasion of, June the 6th 1944. The Free French army, under the leadership of, general de l'autre tossing, gear landed, in southern, France and were instrumental in, pushing back the Germans On June the 14th de Gaulle returns to France traveling, through newly, liberated Norman, towns he was well received by the townspeople he established the capital of free France in May Owens then set off to Rome where he met the newly, installed Italian, government from there he flew to Washington for his first meeting with President, Roosevelt the visit was a strange one with Roosevelt, not providing, the usual privileges, of a visiting head of state the goal pushed for the Allies to privatize, the liberation. Of Paris fearing, a communist, takeover but, there was no strategic priority, for the Allies to focus, on Paris still, through de gaulle's insistence, supreme, Allied commander Dwight Eisenhower. Agreed, that Paris would be prioritized. Out of humanitarian. And symbolic need he also permitted the Free French army to be the first to enter the French capital on Saturday, August the 26th, de Gaulle entered Paris in a triumphant. March down the shops Elysees as the procession made its way towards notre-dame Cathedral.
It Caimans a machine-gun fire from Vichy government militia, a BBC reporter, who was present noted de Gaulle's demeanor as he confidently, strode forward stating, general, de Gaulle walked straight ahead into, what appeared to me to be a hail of fire but, he went straight ahead without, hesitation, his shoulders, flung back and walked, right down the center aisle even, while the bullets were pouring, about him it was the most extraordinary example. Of courage I have ever seen upon, reaching the Great Hall of the hotel de ville de Gaulle spoke before an ecstatic, crowd his inspiring, message included. These words Paris. Paris, outraged, Paris, broken, Paris martyred but Paris liberated, liberated, by, itself liberated. By its people with the assistance, of the armies of France with a sport, and assistance, of the whole of France the, enemy is faltering, but he is not yet beaten, he is still on our soil it, will not suffice that we with the assistance, of our dear and admirable allies will have chased, him from our home in order, to be satisfied, after what has happened we, want to enter his territory, as is fitting as conquerors, it is for this revenge this venge this justice, that we will continue, to fight until the last day until the day of total, and complete victory, with. His bold and triumphant, entry into Paris to goal won the respect of the world in the days that followed, the Allied leaders made statements recognizing. His government, as the legitimate, ruler of France the provisional government of the French Republic was established on, September the 10th 1944. To go then set out on a tour of the country in each city freely, mixed with the crowds with no, regard for his own safety towards, the end of 1944. Legal, purge was established, to punish traitors during, the occupation and removed. The last vestiges, of the Vichy government over. The course of the purge around, 2,000. People were sentenced to death the goal commuted, around, a thousand, of those sentences in May 1945. The Germans surrendered signing, an armistice with France in Berlin, however, on the very day the victory in Europe was proclaimed May the 8th rats, broke out in French Tunisia 12 days later the French artillery fired, on demonstrators in.
Damascus, Leaving hundreds, dead this, events caused the ever testy relationship between de Gaulle and Churchill, to reach a low ebb Churchill. Commented, that the goal was a great danger for peace and, to Great Britain. The. French Constituent, Assembly unanimously elected, goals. Head of the French governments on November the 13th 1945. After two months of struggles with communists, within his government, he abruptly, resigned, and formed, the right wing rally of the French people he, believed that his popularity as a war hero would propel, him back to power but this gamble, it didn't pay off after, three years in the political wilderness he left, the party and politics. Behind. Giggle, then retired from public life to write his memoirs in 1958, a crisis, in Algeria, brought him back to politics, the Algerian, National Liberation Front it was waging a war for independence and. The goal was seen as the kind of strong national, leader who could quash it he returned, to the presidency, and proceeded, to use brutal, force to put down the rebels but these, harsh methods they, backfired, the Algerian, people were driven further towards, independence, while around, the world there was condemnation, against, the French government, under intense, pressure from within his own country, and abroad to goal finally granted independence to, all 13 French African colonies in 1962. As, the cold war develops the goal advocated, the developments, of a French nuclear arsenal, the country became the world's fourth nuclear power in February, of 1960. Three years later de Gaulle refused to sign the partial test ban treaty in, 1965. He was reelected for a second seven-year term as French president, he ran his government and his country with a heavy-handed, dogmatic. Style that often, drew criticism in early 1969, he called for a nationwide referendum, on, the reform of the Senate when his proposal, was rejected by the people he offered his resignation following, through on a televised, promise made two days before the referendum. At. The age of 78, having lived an extraordinarily, full. Public life the goal retired to write an updated, version of his memoirs he died suddenly on November, the 9th 1970.
Or Watching, TV he complained to his wife that he was feeling pain in his neck and then collapsed, to the ground he, died within minutes the autopsy revealed that he had suffered from a ruptured, blood vessel the funeral of Charles DeGaulle on November, the 12th 1970. It was the largest in French history today, he ranks alongside Napoleon. As among. The greatest of French, leaders so. I really hope you found that video interesting, if you did please do give us a thumbs up below also don't forget to check out our sponsor for this episode war thunder you'll find them all linked to below and, as, always thank. You for watching.