Astounding Facts About FOOD WASTE
Hello I'm Simon Whistler you're watching top 10s and in the video today we're looking at the top 10 astounding, facts about food waste climate. Change it's a serious problem in fact it's probably the most dangerous predicament, that humanity, has ever been in and every, second, that goes by and, we're not doing anything about it the more dangerous, things are going to become and the harder it will be to fix them but let's not kick off this list on such a gloomy note and instead look at what can be done to change that the, answer is a simple, that's what caused all of this in the first place namely, the little, things slight, tweaks in our habits they can go a long way without having to reverse to you a pre-industrial, eighteenth century lifestyle, in order to get there and yes. We are absolutely. On topic here just in case you were wondering some call this the age of efficiency, in which mother earth forces, us to win a manner of speaking evolve, or get out of the way and one, of the first and the easiest ways to become more efficient, as a species, is to address food, waste up until fairly recently in, our history we didn't have to bother ourselves, with waste of any kind but in recent decades however, with the spread of consumerism, we can no longer afford this luxury, luckily, in what some call the world's, dumbest, problem many see an opportunity and that is of course wasted. Food. Number. 10 is the overwhelming statistics. There, is a tremendous, amount of food being wasted, around the world in fact roughly, one third of all food goes to waste either during, production and retail or being thrown away by the consumers, themselves that's about 1.3. Billion tons per, year or about half the world's entire cereal. Production in, the already developed parts of the world like Europe, and North America consumers. Behavior plays a bigger part in food squandering, verne in developing countries here, on the other hand technical, managerial, or financial, constraints, have a much larger role the lack of infrastructure, agricultural. Grants advanced, harvesting, and transportation. Technology, you want adequate cooling facilities, accounts, for most of the food waste in all developing, countries lose 40%, of their discarded, food during harvest and processing, while already developed countries waste 40 percent of their food at the retail and consumer, levels, on average rich countries produce almost 2000 pounds of food per person, yeah, whereas poorer regions produce. Slightly above half or, 1014. Pounds, out of these European, and North American consumers. Squander, some, 230. Pounds, whereas consumers, from sub-saharan Africa, in Southeast Asia are responsible. For only 17, pounds each every, year consumers, from these rich areas, waste almost as much as the entire food production, in sub-saharan. Africa two hundred and twenty two million and two hundred and thirty million tons respectively. Number nine food, equals, money wasting, one means, wasting, the other tax, cuts seem to be a trending topic nowadays now, regardless of the fact that taxes, are what make a middle-class broad, and stable governments, usually sell these tax cuts to us is a great way to save money but we have a much, better alternative for, you while the plan tax cuts in America are said to save low-income, households. Some forty dollars per year the average household of four can save around two thousand dollars just by being more conscious about their food management, behavior, it is said that on average one American family throws, away a quarter, of all the food they buy which is the equivalent of anywhere, in-between one, thousand three hundred and sixty-five dollars and two, thousand, two hundred and seventy, five dollars annually in total, the United States wastes, 35, million. Tons of food this way every, year which, is the equivalent of, a hundred and sixty, five billion, dollars, worldwide, this, sum trumps to an incredible, one trillion. Dollars in an estimate, by the Environmental. Protection Agency. Or EPA food. Waste has risen in the United States by 50 percent since 1990, and is now three times as high as it was during the 1960's, one elements that has exacerbated the problem according, to the Natural Resources Defense Council and, RDC is the steep, rise in portion. Sizes, and calorie density, over, the past 20 years hamburgers. Have expanded, by 23%, soft, drinks have increased to five fifty two percent while, chips and pretzels have, grown by 60, percent Peter on the other hand remained more or less the same but now has 70% more calories than it did in the 80s an average, Caesar salad doubled and a chocolate chip cookie quadrupled. Their respective, calorie counts supermarkets. Of also employ various, psychological, tricks, and tactics to make their customers impulse, buy from, offering various, product samples, - providing, us with big shopping carts and strategically, placing products, around the store they make us want to buy more than we actually need one, great, way of avoiding these traps is to make a shopping list and then, stick, to it number, eight fridges, plates and food trays in general.
Humans, Love wide-open spaces, interestingly, enough, however the same thing doesn't apply to food like, portion, sizes plates have also grown, over the years whether, it was the larger, food portion, or the larger dinner plate became first we have no way of knowing but since the 1960s, average, plates have increased by around 36, percent and when, we have a big plate we, tend to pile on more food regardless of whether we're going to eat it or not color contrast also plays a role here scientists. Have discovered that people tend to add more food to their plate if the color of the food and the plates match the opposite happens however if the plate is similar to the background such as the tablecloth so in other words if you want to eat more greens you should do it on a green plate against, a red tablecloth, something, similar applies to food trace a big tray will also make people add more to it with much of the food ending are going to waste Jill Horst the director, of residential Dining, Services at the University, of California, Santa Barbara noticed, this in her college dining hall in 2009. Horst decided to eliminate food, trays altogether, and food waste dropped, by 50%. Students. Can still eat as much as they want but now they have to manage their trips and portion sizes, but, when it comes to our homes oversized, fridges, are the main course for food going that like, the plate fridges, have also increased in size especially. In the United States in the United States fridges tend to be 25 cubic feet and bigger by, contrast most European, fridges are around ten cubic, feet people, are simply uncomfortable. With an empty fridge and tend to want to fill it but the problem is products in a fridge many will tend to spoil after a week ends if we've got a big fridge we're buying more products and some more products, spoil refrigerators. Have also been proven to decrease the value of food we put inside surveys. Have shown that we feel less guilty if we drop a carton of eggs that's been sitting in the fridge for several days as opposed, to and we just got it from the supermarket number, seven land water, and biodiversity. Simply, wasted, away another, way of looking at our own inefficiency, when it comes to food is to analyze the three, criteria we just mentioned in 2007. The total land area used, on foods that eventually ended up at the dump was around 1.4. Billion hectares. That's more than Canada and India put together the, major contributors, when it comes to food waste art meat and dairy now even though these make up just four and seven percent of all the wasted food respectively, these squandered, animal-based products, take up a whopping 78. Percent, of the surface area that we just mentioned, to better understand, this phenomenon, we should, be aware that an area roughly, the size of the entire, African. Continent, is made, out of pure pasture, lands while, the third of all arable, lands is used for animal feed once, more roughly 10 million hectares, of forest worldwide, are being cleared annually, food management inefficiency, contributes. To a large degree here over 74 percent with agricultural. Lands expanding, into wild areas at an unprecedented rate overfishing. Is of serious concern as well and it's estimated the by 2048, there will no longer be any more commercially, viable fish, left in the oceans this, is in part because fishing, is still seen as hunting, where fishermen catch as much as they possibly can, not because of demands per se but because of a fisherman might catch them if they don't secondly. Sony's selective fishing has cut the average size of fish in half over the past four decades and to severely hindered their capacity, to replenish their populations. Moreover, bycatch. Or marine species caught, unintentionally. And then discarded, accounts, for up to 27. Million tons annually, since 1994. Over. 300,000. Whales dolphins sea, turtles and porpoises also. Died in fish nets every, single, yeah and when it comes to our freshwater supply 70%, goes into agriculture, while 20%, is used in industry and 10%, is used for everyday domestic, use wasted. Food accounts, for a quarter of all available freshwater, on the globe that's, equal to 3 point 6 times the amount of total water used in the United States the annual discharge of the volga river the largest in europe or about sick, the cubic, miles, number. Six just a quarter of all food waste can feed all the world's hungry yes this is the sad reality we, are currently living in on average of the United States throws away enough food to fill up, 730. Football, stadiums, to the brim every, year half of which is untouched, fresh and completely, edible food that's, equal to about 20 pounds for every man woman and child per.
Month In other words the United States and many European countries has, twice as much food stacked on supermarket, shelves and, in restaurants than it actually needs in order to feed the people if we, were to take into account the amount of corn oats and other edible plants used as animal feed well the United States has four, times as much food as its population, needs and yet, one in seven Americans need, to use food banks or are struggling to put food on the table that's nearly 50, million people internationally. Well, over 800 million, people ins, your regular, hunger, or are malnourished the. 1.3, billion tons of food discarded, for various reasons worldwide, is enough, to feed more than 3 billion people or 10 times the population of the United States now if we were to save a quarter of all the food wasted, we would be able to feed over. 870. Million people more than the world's entire hungry. Population, when looking at these numbers we can see why some people call this the world's dumbest problem this incredible, amount of excess can only be characterized, as a success, story that, started some 12,000. Years ago with the agricultural revolution that. Our incredibly, poor management pushes, the planet's ecological, limits to the brink of collapse and this success is quickly, turning into a tragedy, it is estimated that by 2050, there will be over 9 billion, people on earth will, the other 1.5, billion people have enough to eat will. They go hungry number, 5 unsustainable. Beauty standards, over, the past several decades we've gotten so used to the food abundance all around us that we've begun to grade our food in terms of its appearance never mind the fact that ugly foods are totally good to eat if they don't meet absolute, perfection in terms of their shape signs or coloring we simply, throw them away and by we by the way we referring to the farmers who grow this food in the first place, they're not really to blame here however as they are the ones who have to bear the financial cost of this wasted food that's like bump a variation, in color or any other simple imperfection, can downgrade a piece of fruit or vegetable, from a class 1 to a class 2 with a price decrease of two-thirds. Or more this, makes it completely unprofitable, for the farmers to even pick them spending, even more money time, and energy in the process under normal circumstances. Farmers, throughout the entire agricultural, industry, have to leave more than 1/3 of their harvest to rot on the ground because, of these government's approved grades and standards, but, these undesirable, fruits, and vegetables, could easily find their way into the hands of people who actually need, it well, yes this is true to some extent but, unfortunately. The cost of picking packaging, storing, and shipping this produce is not covered by any reliable, government, grants or tax breaks and farmers, have to first, and foremost look after their own bottom line and, once these top grade foods do you make it onto the shelves supermarkets. And grocery stores, have to overstock, so as to give an appearance of abundance, they are fully aware that if only a few items remain, on display people, generally, don't want to buy them this trend happens because we tend to assume that the last option is more often than not a bad option which, in this case is totally false as a result this overstocking, leads to many items going bad either on the shelves or in the stores warehouse number, 4 if it was a country food waste would be the third largest emitter. Of greenhouse gases. See, I told you we were going off topic with that climate change stuff in the intro agriculture. Is without, a shadow of a doubt humanity's, biggest impact, on the planet it takes by far, the largest amounts of land and water over any other activity, soil, degradation and, water pollution are topics that we won't even begin to touch in this video and instead. We're just going to focus on air pollution after, all the change in the chemical composition, of our atmosphere is, what causes global warming, and climate change in the first place worldwide food, waste accounts, for 3.3. Billion tons of co2 and co2, equivalents. In the atmosphere but, this into perspective if it were a country it would rank as the third highest, emitter after, China and the United States and that's without actually, subtracting, these countries own share of wasted, food nevertheless, these, emissions, can, broken, down into two parts first we have methane gas emissions coming from rotting food if we were to throw an apple corer or a banana peel somewhere in the woods it wouldn't, really be a big deal but hundreds.
Upon Hundreds, of tons of organic material, are piles in landfills, this food waste begins, to decompose in, an air depleted, environment, which leads to the creation of methane gas and as some of us probably know methane, gas is 25, times more potent, as a greenhouse gas, than co2, American. Landfills are responsible, for, 17%. Of all, the country's methane, emissions, seconds. We have all the energy that's used to produce this food in the first place it is estimated that, for every one, kilo calorie of food farmers. Use 3 kilocalories, of fossil fuel energy for. Taking, into account food, processing. Transportation. Or even storage. In 2003. Alone, the United States consumed, over 300 million barrels, of oil on food that made it straight to the dump where it almost immediately began, churning, out methane, gas number, 3 misleading. Expiration, dates I don't know about you guys but I used to get pretty worried when I'm beating a yogurt realize it was a few days out of date and I've, just been chewing, through the whole thing the, thing about those dates is that they usually complete, BS these, expiration, dates are best, a guideline, about when a food is going to be best eaten, and at worst they're just a way for a manufacturer, to get us to throw away the product so we buy more of it today in the United States only baby formula, has a federally. Required expiration. Date stamped on it while, all the other best vine labels are up to manufacturers. Themselves, expiration. Dates began appearing around the early 1970s. When much of the population stopped, growing and making their own food and began buying it from grocery stores these, stores then came up with the idea of an open dating, system which is where they manufacturer, voluntarily. Stamps, a date on its food products loosely, indicating, when the item will reach its peak freshness not, when it will go bad this method was used by retail stores to determine, for how long to display it on their shelves the closed, dating, system on the other hand shows the date when the item was produced, though helped forward that first if this system ended up being taken too literally by consumers, and is. Now a much bigger problem than a solution even though it's always impossible to discern how much edible food is thrown away based, on these dates surveys, have shown that around 54%, of consumers, believe that eating food passed its best by date is a health risk what's worse is that 91%, of consumers, have said that they occasionally, throw away food past its sell-by date while 37%. Said that they always toss food away that has passed its best by date the, US government has several pieces of legislation in, the works regarding, these expiration, dates but with the exception of baby formula none of them have gone into law in any case this is by far the fastest. And easiest way, for any governments, to begin tackling the problem of food waste in the mean time consumers, they shouldn't take them too seriously and, only, use them as a base of reference, even, if they look official they're, really not number, to the, landfill, lunch with, all the facts presented here about food waste it could be quite hard to understand, why politicians, don't talk about this issue let alone do anything about it to be fair governments, are oftentimes nothing, more than the mirror reflection, of the people they represent and, only, after enough citizens, actively, demand something will things begin to change, nevertheless, it's never a bad idea to bring up the topic of food waste with the world's political society, this, is everyone's, problem after, all and we need to find a solution and, what better way to make politicians, start talking about food waste than to serve them lunch from it right well, this is exactly what happened during a 2015.
UN, Summit where over 30 world leaders including France's, then president, Francois Hollande and, un secretary-general, ban ki-moon, were, seated at the dinner table and catered to you by some of the world's most prestigious chefs, everything. Seemed normal until they were presented, with the u.s. themed menus, prepares, by renowned, New York chef Dan barber and former White House chef Sam Kass the meal was comprised of for starters the so-called landfill, salad made out of vegetable scraps and subpar, apples and pears the, veggie burger was made out of pulp leftover, from juicing and a, repurposed, bread bun the fries were actually a kind of starchy corn used in animal feed which makes up in 99 percent of all the corn produced in the United States and there's a refreshments, the distinguished, guests were served chickpea. Water or liquid, that's drained from a can of chickpeas in an interview barber said it's the prototypic. American meal that's turned on its head instead, of the beef we're going to eat the corn that feeds the beef the challenge is to create something truly delicious out of what we would otherwise throw, away number, one the awesome, power of the individual, as average. Citizens, of the world's living in the relative comforts, of anonymity, we sometimes find it daunting and, feel almost helpless to do anything about, the global, state of affairs even, if we were to do our best and waste little to no food whatsoever, it would still feel like a drop in a big old ocean but never underestimate, the power of leading by example, instead, of feeling down or we're feeling, part of the problem disregard. Your negative feelings and focus, on the positive convinced, several of your friends of the benefits of not wasting food and before you know it you might start a chain reaction that, can alter the face of the world but, let's, turn down this inspirational. Talk for a moment and focus on a real-life example instead, Selina, Joel a graphic designer living in Denmark has been credited by the Danish, government for single-handedly.
Helping The country reduce its food waste by 25 percent in just five years, today Denmark is the leading country in the world when it comes to managing its food waste the whole thing started a few years ago when Joel established, a lobby group called, stop wasting, food as, a Russian immigrant she moved to Denmark when she was 13 and was shocked by the sheer, amount of food that people wasted, on a daily basis, she, said coming, from a place where there were food shortages, and people queued for bread I was amazed at how much was wasted, in Denmark so I started a Facebook page Joel then began offering tips like encouraging, people to make a list before they go to the supermarket or take, a picture of the inside of your fridge with your phone if you have no time three months later and based on her ideas, Denmark's, and largest supermarket, chain began replacing its quantity, discounts, like buy to get, the third free with single, item discounts, to minimise food waste an average supermarket wasted. An average of a hundred bananas, per day but after they put up a sign saying take me I'm single, the number of discarded, bananas, dropped, by 90%, today. Every supermarket in Denmark uses, at least one, food saving strategy, she basically managed, to change the entire, retail, mentality, in Denmark, so I really hope you found that video interesting, and hopefully a bit inspiring, if you did please do hit that thumbs up button below and don't forget to subscribe for brand new videos just like this every day of the week also check out our new channel is called bio graphics, biographies, of notable people from history and the presence and as always thank. You for watching.