The Vanishing of Flight 370
Just. Let me know. 3:7. Funny. Malaysian. Addictive, at zero, temp I. At. Kuala Lumpur International, Airport. A Boeing, 777, is. Preparing, for departure. Already. Malaysian. Airlines flight 370, row it's a daily passenger, flight between kuala lumpur malaysia and beijing, china. 42. Minutes past midnight flight. 370's, given clearance to the port on board, our captain zaharie Ahmed, Shah first. Officer, Fariq, Abdul, Hameed 10. Cabin crew members, and. Less. Than an hour into the flight the, plane is cruising over the South China Sea, at an altitude of 35,000. Feet the. Night sky is clear, and the, weather is calm. Flight. 370, is then instructed to signal, air traffic control, in Ho Chi Minh Vietnam, as it is about to enter Vietnamese, airspace, the, flight controller in kuala lumpur. At. One. Minutes and 43. Seconds, later the, aircraft, suddenly vanished, from radar screens at kuala lumpur Ho Chi Minh and Bangkok. This, form of positional, tracking depends, on a signal, being emitted by one of two transponders. Aboard a plane and so, its disappearance, would suggest both, transponders. Cease to function or. The system, was manually, deactivated. By someone on board all. Subsequent, attempts, to contact and ascertain the whereabouts of, life 370, are unsuccessful, the. Aircraft, has seemingly vanished without. A trace after. Missing its scheduled, time of arrival in Beijing some four hours later flight, 370, is officially. Declared missing and in, the wake of that announcement, the most expensive, search, effort in aviation history is. About to commence. The. Search was initially, concentrated, around the location of the flights disappearance. Between the South China Sea, and the Gulf of Thailand the search area was soon expanded, however after the Malaysian military disclosed. Additional, information. Unlike, the radar system employed by air traffic control, long-range. Military, radar, does not rely on transponders. But used reflectance. To track the position of aerial targets, a review, of the data collected by the Malaysian military revealed. That moments of the contact with flight 370, was lost the, aircraft, had deviated from its scheduled flight path with a subtle turn to the right followed, by a prolonged turn to the left they, are crafted and flown back to wards, and across the Malaysian Peninsula before. Turning right near the island of Penang it, maintained, this northwesterly.
Heading, Until it escaped the radars coverage, over. The next few days the Strait of Malacca and the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal was, scoured by a multinational, fleet, of aircraft and vessels but. There was no trace of life, 370. Meanwhile. Investigators began. To analyze the aircraft's, satellite, communication. Records like all modern airliners. Flight 370, was equipped with a satellite, communications. Terminal, or SATCOM, to send and receive transmissions. To, and from the ground prior. To departure the SATCOM terminal, had logged onto the satellite, network and established. A connection with a ground station in Perth Australia, that. Station, then maintained a detailed, record of all the incoming, and outgoing, traffic, between, it and flight, 370, this, is what it contained prior. To the flights disappearance. Over the South China Sea, everything. Appeared to be working as intended then. At some point during, this portion, of the flight the, Sat comm link was severed for. Whatever reason, the terminal, cease to respond, but. Three minutes of the flight vanished, over the Andaman, Sea the, terminal, requested, to log back onto the network the, SATCOM link was successfully, reestablished. And was not disrupted, again until, nearly six, hours later, when, the flight is presumed, have crashed due, to fuel exhaustion. During. These final hours, two attempts were made to contact the plane via satellite, telephone, both, calls were acknowledged. By the SATCOM terminal, and would have been routed to the cockpit, yet. They, went unanswered the terminal, had also responded, to five automatic. Status, requests, in short, if the ground station had not heard from the aircraft, in over an hour, it would transmit the signal to confirm the terminal, was still online while. These transmissions, did not contain any information about the flights position. Investigators. Were able to measure the distance, between the satellite and the aircraft at the time of each transmission, based, on how long it took those transmissions, to be sent and received this. Generated. Seven rings, of possible, locations from, which seven of these transmissions. Are thought, to have originated, by. Taking fuel consumptions, speed and other factors, into account flight, path analysis, indicated, a most probable, origin of the final transmission to, be somewhere, along this arc in the southern, Indian, Ocean the. Search effort shifted, accordingly, and as the region fell within the jurisdiction, of Australia, the Australian government, took charge of the operation. Over, the next few weeks the, search area was progressively, refined, to account for oceanic drift, as well as improved, estimations. Of the flight path but. This part of the southern Indian Ocean is so, remote, it took six days just. To get there a new. Fleet of aircraft and vessels gradually. Covered more than 4.5. Million, square, kilometers. Of ocean but. Fly 370. Was nowhere to be found. If. The. Impact, with the ocean had been sufficiently, forceful, it was possible, the resulting, sound had been recorded, by underwater, listening, devices known, as Hydra phones this, possibility, was investigated. And for Hydra, coup stick monitoring. Stations, had recorded, something. While. The timing and direction, of the sound were recently, consistent, with a final satellite, transmission, the, estimated, origin, was not the, sound was in all likelihood caused by nothing more than geological.
Activity, Flight. 370, was also equipped with two underwater, locator, beacons, which had a battery life of some 40, days and as the deadline approached in early April signals, with a pulse and frequency, somewhat similar, to the signal emitted by the beacons, were detected, at depths of up to 3,000, meters an. Autonomous. Submersible. Then spent weeks scanning, the seafloor where the signals had been detected but, no wreckage, was ever found. And. Nothing. Would be found until more than 16, months later when, a discovery, was made on the opposite, side of the, Indian Ocean on the, 29th, of July 2015, a group of people were cleaning up a beach in réunion a small island to the east of Madagascar. When, they stumbled upon this 2 meter long metallic, object, covered in barnacles. Aviation. Experts quickly identify, the object, as a section, of an aircraft wing it known as a flaperon, upon. Closer inspection, internal. Markings, including dates, and serial, numbers conclusively. Ascertained, the flaperon, belonged to, flight 370. Even. Though Reunion, Island is some 4,000, kilometers west of the search area and more than a year had gone by since the flight disappeared the, location, was consistent, with simulations, of debris dispersal, patterns there, was now tangible, evidence that flight 370, had crashed somewhere, in the Indian Ocean the. Discovery, of the flat prom prompted, numerous searches, along beaches and shorelines, of southeastern, Africa and at least 31, additional, items of interest have since been recovered, and examined. Some, of these items include a, section, of the outboard, flap from the right wing a. Piece. Of cowling, from one of the two engines. A partial. Door from the nose landing gear a. Section. Of the vertical, stabilizer and. A. Mangled, casing, from one of the embedded headrest monitors. 18. Of these items, were identified, as either likely, highly, likely or almost, certain, to have originated, from flight 370, whereas, only three, could be confirmed the, remaining 11 could not be identified there. Were no traces of an explosion found on any of the debris tested, nor, was there any evidence for fire except. For three small burn, marks on one of the unidentifiable, items. The. Search for debris was further aided by earth observation. Satellites, analysis. Of satellite imagery, from March of 2014 and, covered, a number of images which appeared to feature man-made, objects, floating on or just below the surface in the southern Indian Ocean however. The images were not nearly sharp, enough to resolve any identifiable. Markings and, multiple. Searches notwithstanding, this. Debris was never recovered, a satellite. Image taken mere hours of the final transmission also, captured what appeared to be a contrail. Some distance, away from the search area a later, analysis, however concluded it, was most likely a shadow from, a somewhat linear cloud, formation. The. Underwater, portion of the search continued, for months and eventually years before it was finally suspended, in early 2017 by. Which point some 120, thousand square kilometers, of sea bed had, been scrutinized. The search, effort was then resumed, by an American salvage company known as ocean infinity, but after more than a year of searching they, too came, up empty-handed, unless. The final, resting place of flight 370 can, be located, it may be impossible, to determine exactly, why it crashed. Nevertheless. There. Have been no shortage of theories. On. The day of the disappearance, two of the passengers raised suspicions. State boarded, the flight with stolen passports. Which, immediately prompted, concerns of, a hijacking, but, investigators were unable to link the two men to any terrorist organizations. And soon, determine they had traveled under false identities, because they were seeking asylum not, due to any nefarious intent. Similar. Suspicions, were raised on one of the passengers, were identified, as a flight engineer who, might temp assess the necessary, expertise, to take control of a Boeing 777. Apart. From the 239. Persons, on board flight, 370, carried nearly 11 metric, tons of cargo among. The items listed, on the flight manifest, was a shipment of lithium-ion batteries. Which, led some to suspect a fire, might, have broken out mid-flight, for. Instance the crash of UPS airlines flight, six in September of 2010. Was, the result of a fire that was ignited, by a pallet of lithium-ion, batteries, another.
Potential, Source of ignition would be an electrical. Malfunction, the crash of Swissair, flight 111, in, September, of 1998, his, thought had been caused by a fire within the electrical, wiring above the cockpit the, fire damaged, and disabled, multiple avionics, systems including. The transponders, and zaqqum. In, the case of life 370, the sudden loss of communication, and subsequent, deviation, from a scheduled, flight path, might, have been a direct response to, a fire the, two pilots, may have turned back towards Malaysia to attempt an emergency landing, at, the nearest suitable Airport, but. No, such attempt was ever made instead. Of line 370, kept going and remained, aloft for another six, hours. Some. Have theorized the crew might have been incapacitated by. A sudden or gradual, loss of cabin pressure for. Instance when helios airways flight, 522, failed, to pressurize in august of 2005. The, pilots, quickly fell unconscious yet. The aircraft, continued, to fly on autopilot, for more than two hours until, it ran out of fuel airline. Pilots are of course trained for such an event in the event of cabin depressurization an, automatic. System is designed to deploy oxygen, masks to give the pilots enough time to perform an emergency descent, to, more breathable, altitude, the, data recorded, by the Malaysian military radar dust, indeed contain altitude, information but, it is highly, inconsistent. In fact the Boeing 777 is, incapable of performing the, extreme, altitude, fluctuations. Recorded, at one point the aircraft exceeded, its maximum, operating, altitude by, more than 15,000, feet before. Making a 50,000. Feet nosedive, in less than a minute attempts. To recreate, these maneuvers on a flight simulator were, unsuccessful, and, thus the data was deemed inaccurate, and unreliable. If. Flight, 370, did lose cabin pressure at 35,000. Feet and the pilots were incapacitated. Before descending. To a more oxygenated, altitude, it might explain, why the aircraft remained, aloft for as long as it did what. Is a bit more difficult to explain however are these, alterations. In, heading, flight. Simulations, have established that the aircraft, must have been at the manual, control, during the initial, left, turn, as the bank angle or inclination, of that turn must be on the limits of the autopilot, subsequent. Turns however could have been either manual, or automatic but, for the autopilot to have made these course corrections, someone, with a requisite, knowledge must.
Have Programmed it to do so the, only other alternative is. That the aircraft was in fact on the manual control. In. Late, June of 2014. Several, news outlets reported, that the special investigation. Had identified the captain, of flight 370 as, a prime, suspect a search, of the captain's home went uncovered a flight simulator which, supposedly, contained, a suspicious, route which, ended, in the southern Indian Ocean, at. The time there was no official, acknowledgement, that such a route had been recovered and a lengthy, public, report issued by the Malaysian government in 2015. Made no mention of such a discovery then. In 2016. Confidential. Documents, pertaining to a forensic, examination, conducted by the Royal Malaysia police in, May of 2014 was. Leaked to the media these, documents, made it clear that such a route had not only been recovered, but thoroughly examined, soon, thereafter the Malaysian government confirmed. The existence of this simulated, flight path and this, is, what it looks like. It. Should come as no surprise that, many regard, this as damning. Evidence of, premeditation. But. According to investigators. It is not quite so evident, the, data recovered, consists, of seven coordinates, -, in Kuala Lumpur. -. In a strait of malacca. One. In the bay of bengal and. Two. In the southern indian ocean the. Data was reconstructed. From a file that had been automatically. Generated, and saved by the simulation, software, a month, before the incident however, it's, not clear whether the coordinates, originated, from the same flight session, in, other words it might not be correct to simply trace a continuous, line between these seven coordinates, as they could be from separate, sessions, the. Forensic, examination, by the Royal Malaysia police simply. Concluded, no, activity, captured, conclusively. Indicates any kind of premeditated. Act pertaining, to the incidents of mh370. Even. So the similarities. Between the, simulated, routes and the presumed, route of flight 370, directly. Influenced, the search operation, Australian. Investigators, considered a possibility, of someone deliberately, extending. The range of the flight by, gliding the aircraft, of the fuel exhaustion if. So the plane could have travelled an additional, 200, kilometers. Alternatively. The range could been reduced, by a controlled ditching prior, to fuel exhaustion while. Ultimately deemed unlikely these, two scenarios did, affect, a search effort. If. The, captain steered, fly 370. Of course with intention, of crashing, in a remote part of the southern Indian Ocean his, motive, is an even greater mystery. Sahara, Ahmed, Shah was 53, and married, with three children he. Had more than 18,000, hours of flight experience and, a spotless, track record, investigators. Found no evidence of, financial issues, and his monthly expenses, before the disappearance, indicated. Nothing unusual he, had no history of mental illness nor, had he displayed any recent, changes in lifestyle, or behavior, he. Was raised on the island of, Penang, which has led some to speculate, the flight second, turn to the southwest, of Penang was, the captain getting a final, view of his hometown some. Believe a hijacking, could have been politically, motivated as, a hari was an avid supporter of a democratic opposition leader, who was sentenced to five years in prison mere, hours before flight, 370, to call others. Point to unconfirmed, reports, of marital, issues but, this is contradicted.
By The official, investigation and, disputed. By family, members, the. Only real inconsistency, noted. By the final, report is that the captain failed to repeat the assigned radio, frequency, during the last verbal, communication. It. Would have been standard, procedure, to repeat, the assigned frequency, as the captain had correctly done a few minutes prior. Whether. This omission is indicative of anything but a mistake is, anyone's, best guess, by. All accounts captain. Zaharie was an affable and well-respected, pilot, who was passionate about aviation as, evident. By the photos, and videos, he shared on social media hi, everyone. This is a YouTube, video that I made, as. A, community. Service. The. Copilot, was found to be even less conspicuous. Fariq. Abdul Hameed was, only 27, and due to marry a fellow pilot he, had nearly 3,000, hours of flight experience although. Only 39. Hours in this type of aircraft much. Like zaharie Fariq, had no financial mental. Or interpersonal, issues of note nor, was there any evidence of conflict, between the two of them some. Questioned, the plausibility, of a pilot instigated, hijacking, due to the apparent lack of interference. By the other pilot, well, when Ethiopian, Airlines flight, 702, was, hijacked by the copilot, in February, of 2014 he, did so by merely waiting, for the captain to take a bathroom, break before. Locking the cockpit, door behind him the, copilot, was then free to divert to Italy bound flight to Switzerland to, seek asylum. The. Only noteworthy piece, of evidence in regards to the copilot, of life 370, is his, phone you, see when the confidential, documents, were leaked they also confirmed another long circulated. Rumor namely. That the cell phone tower had briefly established, a connection with an iPhone, 5s belonging. To the copilot as flight 370, approached the island of Penang according. To investigators, it was not a phone call as has been widely reported by the media but, merely an automatic. Location signal, why. This information was, omitted from public, reports, we. May never know. So. What is want to make of all of this on the one hand the simulated, flight path seems, suspicious on, the other it is difficult to cast any substantial, doubt on either of the two pilots character, it is, equally, difficult to, deny a hijacking, is consistent. With the available evidence then. Again were missing, some quite major in literal, pieces, of evidence the, final.
Report Issued, by the Malaysian government in 2018, could, not attribute, the loss of communication nor. Diversion, of life 370, to a malfunction. Instead. It is believed, that someone manually, manipulated, the aircraft, and its systems, for instance investigators. Believed SATCOM, was manually, disabled, by a sudden, and prolonged, interruption. Of power then. Once power was restored the terminal simply, rebooted. Likewise. The alterations, in handing are believed to be the result of manual, inputs, with. That being said that, the uncertainty, of these findings, are repeatedly, emphasized, due to the limited evidence available and, the report does never explicitly, state, the flight was hijacked in, fact, no real conclusion, is reached. Both. The Malaysian, and Australian. Government, agreed at fly 370. Crashed in the southern Indian, Ocean but, at the cost is indeterminable. Without the wreckage the location, of which has managed to elude some of the foremost aviation, experts in the world as well, as an impressive arsenal, of cutting-edge technology, for more than half a decade authors. Aviation. Experts and independent, investigators, have all chimed in to offer their own thoughts, and theories as, to the nature of the crash in the location, of the wreckage some. Believe there was no crash but at the aircraft was shot, down by an American, naval base in the middle of the Indian Ocean, the satellite, transmissions, were then supposedly, forged, as, part of a massive cover-up, others, believe the aircraft, turned right towards, India and traveled as far north as, Kazakhstan. Completely. Undetected. Debris, was then supposedly, planted, along shorelines of southeastern, Africa as part of a massive cover-up, another. Theory suggests the aircraft, was remotely, hijacked. And, rolled by someone on the ground while. Bowing in other companies have experimented, with technology, that would allow for an aircraft to be remotely, controlled no, commercial, airliner, is known to be outfitted, with such a system. Nonetheless. Conspiratorial. Side the assumption at fly 370, flew in a straight line and, at the constant, speed of the turning left towards the southern Indian Ocean might, simply, be incorrect. In, early, 2018, a, French team of independent, investigators. Proposed an alternate, flight path whereby. An attempted, landing and Christmas, island led to a crash site much further north, than, the region identified, by the official, investigation. While. A surface, search of this area was conducted, about a week after the disappearance. The. Underwater, face never, reached this, far north. As. Of. The making of this video the search operation, has been suspended, but, there have been talks of potentially, resuming, the search for. Now it seems the, vanishing, of life 370, will, remain, a mystery.