The Shared Psychosis of Perfect Blue | Monsters of the Week
Japanese. Horror has a distinct. Identity, that sets it apart. Where, Western, horror films, tend to lean heavily on immediate. Action, shocking. Imagery, and surprise, moments. Meant to startle, the audience. Japanese. Films generally, rely more on psychological. Horror a slow. Burn that eventually consumes. The viewer inspiring. An all-encompassing. Long. Lingering, sense of dread. Unlike. In Western war and especially. In modern films of the last decades, J, horror films usually don't, try to jump, scare the audience. Instead. The horror, often originates. From something, that subconsciously. Resonates, with a viewer, ideas. Images. Feelings. That, stick, with you long after watching, it. One. Of the most prominent, themes, you can find employed and a horror is the intersection. Of fear, and technology. More. Than a few Japanese horror films have explored, how technology. Despite. Bringing about our hyper-connected. Society. Can. Also bring, out the worst in us. As. We all know too well, these days technology. Can, isolate us, toy, with our sense of reality and, inspire, sinister. Obsessions. It. Can drive us to commit acts of violence against. Others. Or. Even ourselves. This. Is, the, story of one of the greatest Japanese, horror films ever made. Satoshi. Khan's, 1997. Animated feature, perfect. Blue. Perfect. Blue is a dazzling. Piece of animation that, explores, issues of Faina. Identity. Female. Agency. And. Mental, illness. It's. Also a story about people. And. Culture. How. Exactly. Did we arrive at this moment where, technology. Has come to dominate our lives and, why, does this new connectivity seem, to be, paradoxically. Making. Us more isolated. And unwell, than ever. Perfect. Glue was created by the legendary, director Satoshi, Kon who is responsible, for some of the most highly acclaimed anime, ever made if. You're familiar with his style you, just intuitively. Know, when, you're watching a Satoshi Kon movie he, brings a kind of razor, sharpness, to every, aspect of his filmmaking. Writing. Directing. Art. Character. Design and most, of all is, editing. Kon, was such a masterful. And accomplished, director you could easily spend an entire video say just discussing, his technique if. You haven't seen it already every. Frame a painting did this wonderful video on the filmmaking, of Satoshi Kon it's well worth your time and it's a great appetizer. For what I'm going to explore in this video. But. In order to decipher. The message and meaning, of perfect, blue we, need to take a trip way way, way, back in time to. The faraway distant. Era of the. 1990s. This. Name. By. The dawn of the 1990s. Japan, was in a position of unparalleled, economic strength. Less. Than 50 years after the country had been devastated, by World War two, Japan. Had reimbursed. From the ashes as an economic, powerhouse. One. That seemed destined, for global. Domination. Beginning. In the 1970s. The country experienced, an economic, bubble driven. By the hyperinflation, of. Real estate and, stock market, assets. The. Value of Japanese, assets, kept going up up up and the, combination, of cheap credit and lose monetary, policy, by the Japanese, government meant. That every, market, in the world was, flooded, within. This. Period in Japan was known as the bubble caking, the bubble, condition, or bubble, economy. During. This time one, of the main drivers of the so-called Japanese. Miracle, was the country's, advancements. In consumer, electronics and, computer, technology. Computer. Systems like the PC, 9800. And. With it early forms of the Internet to the Japanese public many. Years, ahead of the West. So. By the time the Western internet was in its infancy, Japan. Had already seen the rise of its robust, culture, of bulletin, boards, anonymous, message boards and chat services. With. A bubble, economy in bloom a networked. And high-tech, Japan, had risen to become a global, economic superpower. Many. Of our most enduring tropes. Of a hyper advanced, and Japanese, dominated, future, are rooted, in pop culture of this era. But. The influence and importance, of this period, of history stretches, far beyond, just consumer, electronics, the. World began, to truly believe that Japan was, at the forefront of a bold new, historical. Era where. Man-machine. And network, would become one.
Writers. And futurists. Offered us tales of a Japanese, dominated, future, a vision, that became to be beloved by the world and still endures, to this day. Many. Of our most popular depictions. Of transhumanism, the. Merging, of humans, and machines came. Directly out of Japanese, technological. Progress and, the, pop culture inspired. Japan. Was the first country to successfully. Make bipedal, robots. There's. Still the best in the field of Robotics and, Japanese. Cartoons, played some part in that they. Did. Japan. Was truly, riding, high in these heady times the. World believed, that the Japanese, miracle, was the key to the future, of human, progress we. All need to start acting more like the Japanese or, so, the experts said the Wizards. Of capitalism. Believed that the good times would never end, it would only keep getting better the. American, economist, Francis Fukuyama, even wrote a book called the, end of history and, the last man and, he cited Japan, in support of his thesis he theorized. That at long last we had reached the end of, history and, that, humanity's. Future lay in the kind of ultra, deregulated. Market, exemplified. By Japan. But. What happened next, nobody. Saw coming in, the blink, of an eye everything. Changed. Japan's. Economy began. To overheat. And inflation. Ran out of control. Investors. Panicked, and rapidly, pulled their money out of the country by. 1993, the, Japanese acid, bubble had almost entirely. Evaporated. Wiping. Out the equivalent of trillions, of dollars in wealth. Indeed. To this very day japan's. Nikkei stock market. Has never reached the heights it attained in 1990. It. Was the start of what is known as the last decade, with, Japan calls the 1990s. And. Has the bubble economy burst, the, dreams of a revived, and dominant, Japan went, with it leaving, behind a ghost that still haunts pop culture, today, in. The. Wake of this collapse, and, as, the country entered the second half of what would become a decade-long, depression. Strange. New, currents, began, to emerge in Japanese, society as, the. Country, slid further into the last decade, of the 1990s, Japan saw. An ish social, phenomenon, burst into the mainstream.
The. Otaku. An. Otaku is a young person, and it was always a young, person, who has an obsessive, interest, in pop culture and, computers, and this. Passion often, goes hand in hand with a complete, lack, of social, skills an. Otaku, is a guy like me who likes japanimation. Not. To be clear the term pitaka has come to define a broad range of interests it, can refer to anime. And comic, fans video, game players toy, collectors. Music. Aficionados. And even complete shut-ins, the, so called hikikomori who. Shun all human, contact in favor of living their entire life, online. Otaku. Is in the literal sense the, Japanese word for another person's, house, historians. Believe there was first coined by the humorist, and essayist, Akio Nakamura, who used otaku, as a synonym, for, unpleasantly. Obsessive, fans of anime and manga the. Term stuck and it grew as byword among Japanese, subcultures, and phantoms, but. In 1989, the. Word otaku would take on an entirely new and, darker. Meaning. - Tomo Miyazaki a mild-mannered. Photo, technician, in his mid-twenties, was one, day discovered, to be the perpetrator, of sickening, acts of rape, pedophilia. Cannibalism. Vampirism. And necrophilia. Against, for random, young girls. Miyazaki. Was also an obsessive, collector of movies, and anime. Among. His collection, of nearly, 6,000. Videotapes, investigators. Found that he had intersperse. Pictures, and footage of victims into, some of his cassettes of anime, and slasher, films. Miyazaki. Had made himself the, star of his own twisted fantasy. World and. He. Had used pop culture, and technology. To. Do it. He. Was known in the Japanese, press and subsequently. In international, media as the, otaku murderer. And, Miyazaki's. Story became the main inspiration. Behind the book perfect. Blue complete. Metamorphosis, written. By yoshikata, Takeo Qi which, was published in 1991, and followed by Satoshi Khan's movie adaptations. Six years later. Perfect. Blue tells the story of the fictional, popstar, Mima kitty with the lead singer of the famous idol trio champ. In, the omaima's achieved, massive, popularity, as an idol singer she, resolves to quit cham in order to become a serious, actor, as she openly yearns, to be free from the limitations, that are imposed on her by her a good girl persona. Now. An idol, is like a supercharged. And distinctly, Japanese version, of pop stardom. Beginning. In the 1970s, and 80s, female Japanese pop stars became high-profile. Celebrities, in their own right an, idol could be a singer, a dancer and. Actor, or some combination of all three. By. The 90s, the idol phenomenon, had diversified. Quite a bit now Japanese, screens, and airwaves, featured, idols with a wide array of talents. The. Idols of the 90s for example tended to be quite a bit younger than their counterparts, from the 70s and 80s and they, also placed, a much greater emphasis on being outwardly. Cute and wholesome. Solo, angst or on the decline of the 90s and many idols instead chose to join together as multi member groups practice. Who still see today across China, Korea, and Japan. Many. Japanese idols, also became famous for their work as voice actors and anime and video games singing. Idols have given their vocals to some of the most beloved theme music in anime, history. Idol. And, otaku. Two. Of the foundational. Phenomena, of modern, Japanese pop culture, they're. Also the first impressions. On the viewer as perfect, flue begins, right. Away the movie is setting the stage for the audience that. Its outset perfect, blue is asking, you to consider the duality, of these images and whether they might be in any way connected, Mima, leaves Cham to start a new life as a television actress and her resignation sparks. An immediate, uproar, from the group's passionate. Male fanbase. The. Backlash quickly, escalates, NEMA. Receives, an anonymous fact. From an otaku named me, mania, who accuses her of being a traitor. Shortly. After that a maniacal Chan fan mailed an explosive, device to, the set of numerous news show, injuring one of the crew members. The. Past, that, meaneth thought she had left behind has come back to haunt or present. But. NEMA remains undeterred. As. She struggles, to adjust to, her new life as a serious, actress, she, lands a string of roles in show was about sex crime, and murder. In. The. Hopes of jump-starting. Her career, by taking, on a truly provocative. Role NEMA. Agrees, to play a rape, victim in an upcoming episode, of a TV crime, drama. There's. Very little nudity, or actual.
Violence, Shown in this simulated, rape scene and yet, it feels so visceral, and despite. Being animated, almost. Real, it's. One of the most graphic, and disturbing things. I've seen in film. At, first the gambit seems to work mimas career starts, to take off but. We see that despite, her denials, she was completely, unprepared, for, the trauma this rape performance, would causing her the, scars it would leave on her psyche. And. It isn't this exact, moment where her present, is most in doubt that, she's confronted, by a strange, vision, from her past an. Ethereal, apparition. Of her flawless idol, self in pastel pink and white an. Illusory. Embodiment. Of her previous life, that, mocks her by nonchalantly. Skipping, and gliding, across the nighttime streets, of Tokyo in her despair. Her. Roles as an actor begin to bleed into the real world and, she becomes increasingly. Unable to distinguish. Fantasy from. Reality as, she. Continues, to grapple with her traumatic, experiences. Her, reality, begins to twist more, than disintegrate. And. At. The same time the. Dream NEMA takes on a life of her own. This. Illusion, of her self haunts, her like, a waking dream. She. Stars to believe that she really wants. Stopped, attacked. And sexually violated. That she is the, character, she wants portrayed. All. Moving, accelerates, to a breakneck pace as, it reaches its climax, Nima, begins to experience, events jumbled. Fragmented. And out of order, shocking. And dramatic, revelations, are turned on their head and revealed, to be just dialogue, for another one of her TV roles. Us. Turned into a textbook, unreliable. Narrator, and the viewer can no longer be certain whether what the scene is real or just, a TV program, is. A remarkable. Breaking, of the fourth wall that also aligns the themes and plot of the movie with the audience's, emotional, journey and it's. Just one example, why perfect, blue is such a masterwork. Of horror cinema. As. She continues to spiral, downward, NEMA, submits to further sexual, degradation in, pursuit of her career the. Dreamy, mom, becomes even more assertive. Haunting, Nima's every waking moment and, worse, still a stalker, killer is closing, in on her leaving, a string of grisly murders in, his wake. Until. Finally, the tension, becomes too great to bear these. Dueling. Delusions, these twin, madnesses, collapse, in on each other and shatter completely. Perfect. Blue is the dark and sinister side to Japan's perpetually. Cheery idle culture, it. Is a fable, about the human cost of hyper capitalism. And pursuit, of perfection or, people become commodities, for public consumption. Like. The bubble economy that, birthed it the. Idle celebrity, is ultimately, a hollow, being. When. Faced with a slightest, bit of pressure, it. Will suddenly. This. Last part is a great segue to discuss one of the film's most critical, themes, female. Agency, and identity, in an oppressive, world, perfect. Blues plot, tone and themes make it almost. Disingenuous. Not, to look at this film through the lens of feminist. Theory over. The course of the story our protagonist NEMA is largely portrayed, as passive. And lacking, in an agency, and autonomy and. By that I mean that NEMA, as she's, shown in the movie appears. To have very little direct, control, over the course of her life when. It comes to her career, NEMA, is totally, and completely, differential. To whatever her managers, tell her to do and. As she makes the choice to set her personal, life aside in order to advance her career she, puts herself at the mercy of these seemingly, a militant, forces. The. Questions about female agency raised by perfect blue are a brutal. Verdict, on the state of japan's idol industry, but. Even more critically, for this angle of analysis, is crucial. To fully illuminate, one of the film's central themes, by. The 1990s. The expectations. Around the behavior, for Japanese, idols, have changed. They. Were now expected, to be stereotypically. Feminine and, cute, and both appearance and presentation. Idols. Were highly, infantilized. In Japanese media with the most popular, idols celebrated, for their childlike, and vulnerable, behavior. If. You're a devoted, fan of anime, and this probably, sounds a little familiar. These. Stereotypes, around aisle behavior, also informed, what we know as the saccharine.
Sweet Moe a trope. But. In perfect blue this mixture of femininity. And infantilization. Is, a stinging, indictment. Of the dark side of Japanese, kawaii culture an. Idol. Is in essence, totally. And completely, defined. By the role she plays the. Demands, of the idols career dictate, how she spends, her free time she, can be friends with who, she can date and even, what she can eat in that. Sense it's only natural that NEMA desired. To break free from her career as a singer, and begin, a new chapter in her life. But. While a story of perfect, blue may be distinctly, Japanese, and tonin character, it's every, bit as relevant, to how the world views female, pop stars today, Britney. Spears Christina, Aguilera, Rihanna. Miley, Cyrus Selena, Gomez Ariana, Grande all, of these celebrities began, their careers by first establishing, a squeaky-clean, public. Image as pop star and just, like Mima all of, them suffer trials, and tribulations, that led to a bad, girl phase, whether, persona, became more explicit. More provocative. And more sexualized. And. After that these, stars all underwent, highly, publicized, rebirths, where, they reemerged. As fully formed, adult celebrities, in, many. Ways the story of the modern celebrity, is the, story of perfect, blue an endless. Cycle of self-discovery. Trauma. And rebirth, and all. Of it performed, for the benefit, of an omnipresent. Consumer, audience. Now. The movie is direct, about, this theme it, isn't trying to obfuscate the, message or hide things from the viewer. The. Message, is clear in order, to become more adult. And achieve. True career success, aspiring. Celebrities, must first, submit to an external gaze, of society, a society, whose viewpoint, and voracious sexual appetite, is explicitly. Understood. To be male. But. This way of thinking is. A trap. Surrendering. Your own agency. And self-determination can. Never, lead, to empowerment. So. As NEMA surrenders, more and more of herself to her career she, becomes increasingly, engrossed, by what the outside world thinks. About her and expects, from the idea, of the person she represents. As, it is for example embodied. By the message, board posts, of vitriolic, fans, and. As. She the, actual, person, behind the idol struggles. To please everyone, and meet, the expectations of those fans, her. Own sanity, continues. To disintegrate. As. A young woman NEMA is in the period, of turmoil, and constant. Change but. Within her career and her personal life. But. Rather than, living as a complete, autonomous. Person one. Able to make her own choices with, her own agency she's. Perpetually, boxed. In by what, someone else thinks of her or wants, her to do or things, she should say to confirm, the idea she embodies. NEMA. Is caught in the paradox, of that age-old, trope, the. Madonna, whore, duality. As a. Woman she's, expected. To maintain an, impossible balance. Of behavior. Virginal. And pure and one moment but. Then the drop of the Hat totally. Objectified, and sexualized. It's. A bizarre contradiction. That women still must grapple with today the, expectation. That they must be all things, to all people at, the same time, always. Pleasing, never. Contradicting. Never, arguing. Never, asserting, in oneself, always. Defining. Yourself on, someone else's terms a, commodity. To serve solely, for, the gratification of, others, a. Culturally. Predetermined. Path to, complete, alienation. And. Madness. Burr getting close to final, and perhaps most critical, theme of perfect, blue but. First. We. Need to go back. To. The beginning. Remember. That brilliant, opening scene, we talked about earlier one, of the most interesting. Visual, cues here, are the fans at the Cham concert, a, faceless. Undifferentiated. Mass, of, humanity, staring. Bank blankly, those on stage is, the. Relationship, between creator, and audience, in the modern age captured. And crystallized. In, a single moment. Under. The stage lights a performer. Who is expected, to literally, bear it all and put their most intimate, self on display, for the viewer to consume. And. In the opposite, side of the four stage lurks, the unknowable, and inscrutable, monster. Known as the audience. This. Moment is both expert. Foreshadowing. And an, expression, of perfect blues most relevant, and frightening, theme the. Relationship, between audience. And creator. And how. A hyper technological.
Fandom, Has permanently. Blurred the lines between the two. As. With the movies other major, themes, this, point is delivered, explicitly. To the audience through dialogue, spoken by the characters once. Again there is no office keishon, or trickery here the movie is telling you bluntly, what it's all about. Just. Awesome. I see, them. Yeah. Yeah your assume it's get understand. Canada, you could be the work the mother that's to. Drive this point home the, film makes extensive use, of reflections. Images. Of mirrors, the, windows of buildings, and cars and, the screens of TVs and computers. Reflections. In perfect, blue represent. The unconscious. Mind the, cell that is hidden from everyday, society. Lurking. Just, below the surface but. In. The right moment, and when. Viewed at just the right angle these. Illusions, leap out of their confines and take on a life of their own throughout. Perfect, blues the audience, comes to understand, that reflections. Are a doorway, to a realm of illusion, a symbol. Of how easily our, sense of self can, be twisted, and shattered. But. We also see that these illusions, are no more or less real when they're transmitted, to us by a TV or computer screen, rather, than reflected. In a funhouse mirror, when. Another person is simulated, for us right in front of our eyes and, in extreme detail. Our. Psyches, invariably. Fall prey to the illusion that what, we are seeing is real and we, start to act as though we're forming a real reciprocal. Relationship, with the object, of our affection. But. These images are illusions. And they are not real they, are one-sided. Obsessions. And the object of our desire has. No real way of interacting with us or returning. The sentiment. In, the psychological, literature of the 1950s, as researchers, were observing, the effects of the mass adoption of radio and television across society, this phenomenon, came to be known as Paris. Social interaction. Americans. At the time came, to believe that mass, media personalities. In TV and radio were. Their close personal. Friends, despite never having interacted. With them sounds. Familiar. Thank. You so much. I know scope JFK, Wow. $25. Man that's so generous I love you for this as, a matter of fact you have earned the Buddy Thumb we're officially, buddies now. But. Perfect blue describes, something, different, something darker. A shared. Delusion that is only made possible by, the emergent of new and highly advanced, consumer, technology, like personal, computers, and the Internet this. Might sound like something out of science fiction, but has actually been a well-known psychological. Condition, for nearly two centuries. The. French behaviorist, who discovered this condition, called it fully adieu, madness. Of to or a person. Suffering from a delusion or, a psychiatric. Syndrome, spreads. Their condition, to another person, almost, like an infectious, disease modern. Psychology, describes this phenomenon, as shared, psychosis or. In, the most extreme cases mass. Hallucination. Just. As Mimas otaku, fans, are obsessed, with every, single career, move she makes she, too becomes. Obsessed, with how she is, perceived, by her fandom, their. Obsession, of her, becomes. Her own. But. This notion of shared psychosis takes on an even darker twist, in the movies finale, where we learned that the true antagonist. All along, was Mimas. Manager, dreamy, the. Most caring, protective. And motherly. Figure in the entire film was, hiding, her own sinister, secret. When. She was younger, Harumi herself, failed in her career as an idol, now. She's. Living vicariously through. Mima in the hopes of getting another, shot at, her dream. While. Her name dreamy, is a, quite common feminine. Given name in Japan if you. Mirror. It it. Becomes the mirror. Me3. Mirror. Ramie, are. You. Me. Really. Lived out the phantasm, of her unfulfilled, past, by masquerading, as the real Mema and she, constructed, an elaborate, fictional. Online persona, to complete that fantasy. She. Tried to turn, this delusion, into reality, by killing, everyone who she believed was responsible for, me must ascend to the poverty, her, manager, the, writer of the TV show and even the actors, involved in the episode. To. Me became possessed by, her old life as an idol and was able to infect NEMA with her delusion, thanks to the interlocking. Technologies, of consumer, electronics mass. Media, and the Internet and as, we see from the fallout, of me manias, online, message board posts, roomie may have shared her psychosis. With far more people than just me. Mommy. And, Mima the. Past and present of the japanese idol industry, trapped, within delusion, and haunted, by images from their past. But. In the closing, moments of the movie and that brilliant. Climactic. Instant in which Mima dances, in front of the headlights of an oncoming truck, we. Come to understand, that she was never in, any real danger, this.
Mima Was really roomy deep. In the grips of psychosis. It. Was only by saving Rumi, both, symbolically. And literally, that. Mima is finally, able to break free from this madness. She. Must save herself, from. Herself. Perfect. Blue suggests, to the audience that obsessive, fandom, is a grotesque perversion. Of humanity it. Is, a distorted, and hyper consumerist. Reflection, of the real human, emotions, of love kindness. And devotion, it. Can never be anything more, than simulacra. A distant. Shadow on the wall of Plato's cave. The. Only way forward is, to find the strength to shatter this black mirror completely. Otaku. Were an extreme, social, outlier, when perfect, blue first came out in 1997. But. Things, have changed quite a bit in the 20 years since then haven't they because. Something, has finally, come to pass that none, of us could have predicted not. Satoshi Colin not Francis, Fukuyama not even Billy Gibson themselves, this, one coming. Thanks. To the power and pervasiveness, of the internet but taku style fandom, has completely. Consumed. The globe these. Days pretty, much everyone, under 40 who grew up in the industrialized, world is, some form of otaku depending. On their preferences, they. Might be a traditional. Otaku, obsessed, with anime, and video games or they, might be a more mainstream variety, of atacó with for instance encyclopedic. Knowledge of, sports, statistics pop. Music, superhero, movies you take a pic in. Our modern-day, hyper, consumerist. Health space, ultimately. We, are all, otaku. We. Are all participating. In online fan communities, constantly. Plugged in networking. Among fellow obsessives, on social, media on message boards and common, sections, news aggregators. At home on our computers, or on our phones and tablets while on the move no. Matter what you're into there, is an, online subculture. Out there just waiting to pull you in and consume. You. Your. Consumer, identity. Does, not just happen at random anymore. It's. Being cultivated, for, you there's a digital tribe, of marketing, space to occupy, inhabit. And carry, as your banner into the battlefield, of the open market. Fandom. Is no longer the exception, it's. Become an exploitable. Commodity. For mega corporations. As fans. We are evangelist. And, we are all, of us now, living, in the state of perpetual. Hyper-reality. Once. You've seen perfect, blue you. May find that this strange horror depicted, in this film has in the two decades since it came out become. Uncannily. Familiar. And all. Too real. Every. Day of our lives is, perfectly. Blue. But. The Sumana, die up there is not saying no. However. We may interpret his remarks, one, thing is clear, he, understood, at least in part the difference, between his, make-believe, and ours, for. Example Baron, some. Deep-seated, suspicion, made him see in you an enemy and in, his habit of mind that enemy was given a name from his world of fantasy. A. TDP. Nanny. Hello. And, welcome. To my internet, homepage. This. Is Ragnar. And this. Is a special, thank, you to my biggest fan and. Margaret. Strong. Adriel. Eric. Flit, mr.. Berg Adan Shawn. Quigley, Zach, Lord, bloody. Me about you nema, kiriwe. Awesome. Moccasin. Chin. Hansen, Dennis. Prefer called Casper, ROM a, skull. Failing, days. Enix. Vincent. Kavanagh. Levi. Molars. Omen. Bazan, Bella max. Herbert, Matt. Davis. Cameron. Richter, meadow. Reno. Jacob. Wood ward, Michael. Drill oh no. Ilan eat alimony, more. Artists are Dez Steven. Bischoff. Carlos. Volare. Emmett, are slut go Lucas. Adam. Birth, dunkeld. Martin. Schmidt, Augustine. Bodega, Adam. Cross Danny. Sandal, trans. Hallett miss. Fed. Joker. Zero. Anonymity. --kavitha. Evan. Tickford, Nathan.
The Grand, Brian. F Kevin. Age young Nicholas. LaRosa pool, wagon. David's. Allen AK and, Gehenna. Malin. Can. Tom poor Dom sure. Lake Chuck. Taylor, Dominic. Hit hide back off, Liam. Jones, we, found Nestler David. Nadal, Ryan. Hailey, Lord. Inquisitor. And Chris. Until. Next time. Sayonara.