The Shared Psychosis of Perfect Blue | Monsters of the Week

The Shared Psychosis of Perfect Blue | Monsters of the Week

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Japanese. Horror has a distinct. Identity, that sets it apart. Where, Western, horror films, tend to lean heavily on immediate. Action, shocking. Imagery, and surprise, moments. Meant to startle, the audience. Japanese. Films generally, rely more on psychological. Horror a slow. Burn that eventually consumes. The viewer inspiring. An all-encompassing. Long. Lingering, sense of dread. Unlike. In Western war and especially. In modern films of the last decades, J, horror films usually don't, try to jump, scare the audience. Instead. The horror, often originates. From something, that subconsciously. Resonates, with a viewer, ideas. Images. Feelings. That, stick, with you long after watching, it. One. Of the most prominent, themes, you can find employed and a horror is the intersection. Of fear, and technology. More. Than a few Japanese horror films have explored, how technology. Despite. Bringing about our hyper-connected. Society. Can. Also bring, out the worst in us. As. We all know too well, these days technology. Can, isolate us, toy, with our sense of reality and, inspire, sinister. Obsessions. It. Can drive us to commit acts of violence against. Others. Or. Even ourselves. This. Is, the, story of one of the greatest Japanese, horror films ever made. Satoshi. Khan's, 1997. Animated feature, perfect. Blue. Perfect. Blue is a dazzling. Piece of animation that, explores, issues of Faina. Identity. Female. Agency. And. Mental, illness. It's. Also a story about people. And. Culture. How. Exactly. Did we arrive at this moment where, technology. Has come to dominate our lives and, why, does this new connectivity seem, to be, paradoxically. Making. Us more isolated. And unwell, than ever. Perfect. Glue was created by the legendary, director Satoshi, Kon who is responsible, for some of the most highly acclaimed anime, ever made if. You're familiar with his style you, just intuitively. Know, when, you're watching a Satoshi Kon movie he, brings a kind of razor, sharpness, to every, aspect of his filmmaking. Writing. Directing. Art. Character. Design and most, of all is, editing. Kon, was such a masterful. And accomplished, director you could easily spend an entire video say just discussing, his technique if. You haven't seen it already every. Frame a painting did this wonderful video on the filmmaking, of Satoshi Kon it's well worth your time and it's a great appetizer. For what I'm going to explore in this video. But. In order to decipher. The message and meaning, of perfect, blue we, need to take a trip way way, way, back in time to. The faraway distant. Era of the. 1990s. This. Name. By. The dawn of the 1990s. Japan, was in a position of unparalleled, economic strength. Less. Than 50 years after the country had been devastated, by World War two, Japan. Had reimbursed. From the ashes as an economic, powerhouse. One. That seemed destined, for global. Domination. Beginning. In the 1970s. The country experienced, an economic, bubble driven. By the hyperinflation, of. Real estate and, stock market, assets. The. Value of Japanese, assets, kept going up up up and the, combination, of cheap credit and lose monetary, policy, by the Japanese, government meant. That every, market, in the world was, flooded, within. This. Period in Japan was known as the bubble caking, the bubble, condition, or bubble, economy. During. This time one, of the main drivers of the so-called Japanese. Miracle, was the country's, advancements. In consumer, electronics and, computer, technology. Computer. Systems like the PC, 9800. And. With it early forms of the Internet to the Japanese public many. Years, ahead of the West. So. By the time the Western internet was in its infancy, Japan. Had already seen the rise of its robust, culture, of bulletin, boards, anonymous, message boards and chat services. With. A bubble, economy in bloom a networked. And high-tech, Japan, had risen to become a global, economic superpower. Many. Of our most enduring tropes. Of a hyper advanced, and Japanese, dominated, future, are rooted, in pop culture of this era. But. The influence and importance, of this period, of history stretches, far beyond, just consumer, electronics, the. World began, to truly believe that Japan was, at the forefront of a bold new, historical. Era where. Man-machine. And network, would become one.

Writers. And futurists. Offered us tales of a Japanese, dominated, future, a vision, that became to be beloved by the world and still endures, to this day. Many. Of our most popular depictions. Of transhumanism, the. Merging, of humans, and machines came. Directly out of Japanese, technological. Progress and, the, pop culture inspired. Japan. Was the first country to successfully. Make bipedal, robots. There's. Still the best in the field of Robotics and, Japanese. Cartoons, played some part in that they. Did. Japan. Was truly, riding, high in these heady times the. World believed, that the Japanese, miracle, was the key to the future, of human, progress we. All need to start acting more like the Japanese or, so, the experts said the Wizards. Of capitalism. Believed that the good times would never end, it would only keep getting better the. American, economist, Francis Fukuyama, even wrote a book called the, end of history and, the last man and, he cited Japan, in support of his thesis he theorized. That at long last we had reached the end of, history and, that, humanity's. Future lay in the kind of ultra, deregulated. Market, exemplified. By Japan. But. What happened next, nobody. Saw coming in, the blink, of an eye everything. Changed. Japan's. Economy began. To overheat. And inflation. Ran out of control. Investors. Panicked, and rapidly, pulled their money out of the country by. 1993, the, Japanese acid, bubble had almost entirely. Evaporated. Wiping. Out the equivalent of trillions, of dollars in wealth. Indeed. To this very day japan's. Nikkei stock market. Has never reached the heights it attained in 1990. It. Was the start of what is known as the last decade, with, Japan calls the 1990s. And. Has the bubble economy burst, the, dreams of a revived, and dominant, Japan went, with it leaving, behind a ghost that still haunts pop culture, today, in. The. Wake of this collapse, and, as, the country entered the second half of what would become a decade-long, depression. Strange. New, currents, began, to emerge in Japanese, society as, the. Country, slid further into the last decade, of the 1990s, Japan saw. An ish social, phenomenon, burst into the mainstream.

The. Otaku. An. Otaku is a young person, and it was always a young, person, who has an obsessive, interest, in pop culture and, computers, and this. Passion often, goes hand in hand with a complete, lack, of social, skills an. Otaku, is a guy like me who likes japanimation. Not. To be clear the term pitaka has come to define a broad range of interests it, can refer to anime. And comic, fans video, game players toy, collectors. Music. Aficionados. And even complete shut-ins, the, so called hikikomori who. Shun all human, contact in favor of living their entire life, online. Otaku. Is in the literal sense the, Japanese word for another person's, house, historians. Believe there was first coined by the humorist, and essayist, Akio Nakamura, who used otaku, as a synonym, for, unpleasantly. Obsessive, fans of anime and manga the. Term stuck and it grew as byword among Japanese, subcultures, and phantoms, but. In 1989, the. Word otaku would take on an entirely new and, darker. Meaning. - Tomo Miyazaki a mild-mannered. Photo, technician, in his mid-twenties, was one, day discovered, to be the perpetrator, of sickening, acts of rape, pedophilia. Cannibalism. Vampirism. And necrophilia. Against, for random, young girls. Miyazaki. Was also an obsessive, collector of movies, and anime. Among. His collection, of nearly, 6,000. Videotapes, investigators. Found that he had intersperse. Pictures, and footage of victims into, some of his cassettes of anime, and slasher, films. Miyazaki. Had made himself the, star of his own twisted fantasy. World and. He. Had used pop culture, and technology. To. Do it. He. Was known in the Japanese, press and subsequently. In international, media as the, otaku murderer. And, Miyazaki's. Story became the main inspiration. Behind the book perfect. Blue complete. Metamorphosis, written. By yoshikata, Takeo Qi which, was published in 1991, and followed by Satoshi Khan's movie adaptations. Six years later. Perfect. Blue tells the story of the fictional, popstar, Mima kitty with the lead singer of the famous idol trio champ. In, the omaima's achieved, massive, popularity, as an idol singer she, resolves to quit cham in order to become a serious, actor, as she openly yearns, to be free from the limitations, that are imposed on her by her a good girl persona. Now. An idol, is like a supercharged. And distinctly, Japanese version, of pop stardom. Beginning. In the 1970s, and 80s, female Japanese pop stars became high-profile. Celebrities, in their own right an, idol could be a singer, a dancer and. Actor, or some combination of all three. By. The 90s, the idol phenomenon, had diversified. Quite a bit now Japanese, screens, and airwaves, featured, idols with a wide array of talents. The. Idols of the 90s for example tended to be quite a bit younger than their counterparts, from the 70s and 80s and they, also placed, a much greater emphasis on being outwardly. Cute and wholesome. Solo, angst or on the decline of the 90s and many idols instead chose to join together as multi member groups practice. Who still see today across China, Korea, and Japan. Many. Japanese idols, also became famous for their work as voice actors and anime and video games singing. Idols have given their vocals to some of the most beloved theme music in anime, history. Idol. And, otaku. Two. Of the foundational. Phenomena, of modern, Japanese pop culture, they're. Also the first impressions. On the viewer as perfect, flue begins, right. Away the movie is setting the stage for the audience that. Its outset perfect, blue is asking, you to consider the duality, of these images and whether they might be in any way connected, Mima, leaves Cham to start a new life as a television actress and her resignation sparks. An immediate, uproar, from the group's passionate. Male fanbase. The. Backlash quickly, escalates, NEMA. Receives, an anonymous fact. From an otaku named me, mania, who accuses her of being a traitor. Shortly. After that a maniacal Chan fan mailed an explosive, device to, the set of numerous news show, injuring one of the crew members. The. Past, that, meaneth thought she had left behind has come back to haunt or present. But. NEMA remains undeterred. As. She struggles, to adjust to, her new life as a serious, actress, she, lands a string of roles in show was about sex crime, and murder. In. The. Hopes of jump-starting. Her career, by taking, on a truly provocative. Role NEMA. Agrees, to play a rape, victim in an upcoming episode, of a TV crime, drama. There's. Very little nudity, or actual.

Violence, Shown in this simulated, rape scene and yet, it feels so visceral, and despite. Being animated, almost. Real, it's. One of the most graphic, and disturbing things. I've seen in film. At, first the gambit seems to work mimas career starts, to take off but. We see that despite, her denials, she was completely, unprepared, for, the trauma this rape performance, would causing her the, scars it would leave on her psyche. And. It isn't this exact, moment where her present, is most in doubt that, she's confronted, by a strange, vision, from her past an. Ethereal, apparition. Of her flawless idol, self in pastel pink and white an. Illusory. Embodiment. Of her previous life, that, mocks her by nonchalantly. Skipping, and gliding, across the nighttime streets, of Tokyo in her despair. Her. Roles as an actor begin to bleed into the real world and, she becomes increasingly. Unable to distinguish. Fantasy from. Reality as, she. Continues, to grapple with her traumatic, experiences. Her, reality, begins to twist more, than disintegrate. And. At. The same time the. Dream NEMA takes on a life of her own. This. Illusion, of her self haunts, her like, a waking dream. She. Stars to believe that she really wants. Stopped, attacked. And sexually violated. That she is the, character, she wants portrayed. All. Moving, accelerates, to a breakneck pace as, it reaches its climax, Nima, begins to experience, events jumbled. Fragmented. And out of order, shocking. And dramatic, revelations, are turned on their head and revealed, to be just dialogue, for another one of her TV roles. Us. Turned into a textbook, unreliable. Narrator, and the viewer can no longer be certain whether what the scene is real or just, a TV program, is. A remarkable. Breaking, of the fourth wall that also aligns the themes and plot of the movie with the audience's, emotional, journey and it's. Just one example, why perfect, blue is such a masterwork. Of horror cinema. As. She continues to spiral, downward, NEMA, submits to further sexual, degradation in, pursuit of her career the. Dreamy, mom, becomes even more assertive. Haunting, Nima's every waking moment and, worse, still a stalker, killer is closing, in on her leaving, a string of grisly murders in, his wake. Until. Finally, the tension, becomes too great to bear these. Dueling. Delusions, these twin, madnesses, collapse, in on each other and shatter completely. Perfect. Blue is the dark and sinister side to Japan's perpetually. Cheery idle culture, it. Is a fable, about the human cost of hyper capitalism. And pursuit, of perfection or, people become commodities, for public consumption. Like. The bubble economy that, birthed it the. Idle celebrity, is ultimately, a hollow, being. When. Faced with a slightest, bit of pressure, it. Will suddenly. This. Last part is a great segue to discuss one of the film's most critical, themes, female. Agency, and identity, in an oppressive, world, perfect. Blues plot, tone and themes make it almost. Disingenuous. Not, to look at this film through the lens of feminist. Theory over. The course of the story our protagonist NEMA is largely portrayed, as passive. And lacking, in an agency, and autonomy and. By that I mean that NEMA, as she's, shown in the movie appears. To have very little direct, control, over the course of her life when. It comes to her career, NEMA, is totally, and completely, differential. To whatever her managers, tell her to do and. As she makes the choice to set her personal, life aside in order to advance her career she, puts herself at the mercy of these seemingly, a militant, forces. The. Questions about female agency raised by perfect blue are a brutal. Verdict, on the state of japan's idol industry, but. Even more critically, for this angle of analysis, is crucial. To fully illuminate, one of the film's central themes, by. The 1990s. The expectations. Around the behavior, for Japanese, idols, have changed. They. Were now expected, to be stereotypically. Feminine and, cute, and both appearance and presentation. Idols. Were highly, infantilized. In Japanese media with the most popular, idols celebrated, for their childlike, and vulnerable, behavior. If. You're a devoted, fan of anime, and this probably, sounds a little familiar. These. Stereotypes, around aisle behavior, also informed, what we know as the saccharine.

Sweet Moe a trope. But. In perfect blue this mixture of femininity. And infantilization. Is, a stinging, indictment. Of the dark side of Japanese, kawaii culture an. Idol. Is in essence, totally. And completely, defined. By the role she plays the. Demands, of the idols career dictate, how she spends, her free time she, can be friends with who, she can date and even, what she can eat in that. Sense it's only natural that NEMA desired. To break free from her career as a singer, and begin, a new chapter in her life. But. While a story of perfect, blue may be distinctly, Japanese, and tonin character, it's every, bit as relevant, to how the world views female, pop stars today, Britney. Spears Christina, Aguilera, Rihanna. Miley, Cyrus Selena, Gomez Ariana, Grande all, of these celebrities began, their careers by first establishing, a squeaky-clean, public. Image as pop star and just, like Mima all of, them suffer trials, and tribulations, that led to a bad, girl phase, whether, persona, became more explicit. More provocative. And more sexualized. And. After that these, stars all underwent, highly, publicized, rebirths, where, they reemerged. As fully formed, adult celebrities, in, many. Ways the story of the modern celebrity, is the, story of perfect, blue an endless. Cycle of self-discovery. Trauma. And rebirth, and all. Of it performed, for the benefit, of an omnipresent. Consumer, audience. Now. The movie is direct, about, this theme it, isn't trying to obfuscate the, message or hide things from the viewer. The. Message, is clear in order, to become more adult. And achieve. True career success, aspiring. Celebrities, must first, submit to an external gaze, of society, a society, whose viewpoint, and voracious sexual appetite, is explicitly. Understood. To be male. But. This way of thinking is. A trap. Surrendering. Your own agency. And self-determination can. Never, lead, to empowerment. So. As NEMA surrenders, more and more of herself to her career she, becomes increasingly, engrossed, by what the outside world thinks. About her and expects, from the idea, of the person she represents. As, it is for example embodied. By the message, board posts, of vitriolic, fans, and. As. She the, actual, person, behind the idol struggles. To please everyone, and meet, the expectations of those fans, her. Own sanity, continues. To disintegrate. As. A young woman NEMA is in the period, of turmoil, and constant. Change but. Within her career and her personal life. But. Rather than, living as a complete, autonomous. Person one. Able to make her own choices with, her own agency she's. Perpetually, boxed. In by what, someone else thinks of her or wants, her to do or things, she should say to confirm, the idea she embodies. NEMA. Is caught in the paradox, of that age-old, trope, the. Madonna, whore, duality. As a. Woman she's, expected. To maintain an, impossible balance. Of behavior. Virginal. And pure and one moment but. Then the drop of the Hat totally. Objectified, and sexualized. It's. A bizarre contradiction. That women still must grapple with today the, expectation. That they must be all things, to all people at, the same time, always. Pleasing, never. Contradicting. Never, arguing. Never, asserting, in oneself, always. Defining. Yourself on, someone else's terms a, commodity. To serve solely, for, the gratification of, others, a. Culturally. Predetermined. Path to, complete, alienation. And. Madness. Burr getting close to final, and perhaps most critical, theme of perfect, blue but. First. We. Need to go back. To. The beginning. Remember. That brilliant, opening scene, we talked about earlier one, of the most interesting. Visual, cues here, are the fans at the Cham concert, a, faceless. Undifferentiated. Mass, of, humanity, staring. Bank blankly, those on stage is, the. Relationship, between creator, and audience, in the modern age captured. And crystallized. In, a single moment. Under. The stage lights a performer. Who is expected, to literally, bear it all and put their most intimate, self on display, for the viewer to consume. And. In the opposite, side of the four stage lurks, the unknowable, and inscrutable, monster. Known as the audience. This. Moment is both expert. Foreshadowing. And an, expression, of perfect blues most relevant, and frightening, theme the. Relationship, between audience. And creator. And how. A hyper technological.

Fandom, Has permanently. Blurred the lines between the two. As. With the movies other major, themes, this, point is delivered, explicitly. To the audience through dialogue, spoken by the characters once. Again there is no office keishon, or trickery here the movie is telling you bluntly, what it's all about. Just. Awesome. I see, them. Yeah. Yeah your assume it's get understand. Canada, you could be the work the mother that's to. Drive this point home the, film makes extensive use, of reflections. Images. Of mirrors, the, windows of buildings, and cars and, the screens of TVs and computers. Reflections. In perfect, blue represent. The unconscious. Mind the, cell that is hidden from everyday, society. Lurking. Just, below the surface but. In. The right moment, and when. Viewed at just the right angle these. Illusions, leap out of their confines and take on a life of their own throughout. Perfect, blues the audience, comes to understand, that reflections. Are a doorway, to a realm of illusion, a symbol. Of how easily our, sense of self can, be twisted, and shattered. But. We also see that these illusions, are no more or less real when they're transmitted, to us by a TV or computer screen, rather, than reflected. In a funhouse mirror, when. Another person is simulated, for us right in front of our eyes and, in extreme detail. Our. Psyches, invariably. Fall prey to the illusion that what, we are seeing is real and we, start to act as though we're forming a real reciprocal. Relationship, with the object, of our affection. But. These images are illusions. And they are not real they, are one-sided. Obsessions. And the object of our desire has. No real way of interacting with us or returning. The sentiment. In, the psychological, literature of the 1950s, as researchers, were observing, the effects of the mass adoption of radio and television across society, this phenomenon, came to be known as Paris. Social interaction. Americans. At the time came, to believe that mass, media personalities. In TV and radio were. Their close personal. Friends, despite never having interacted. With them sounds. Familiar. Thank. You so much. I know scope JFK, Wow. $25. Man that's so generous I love you for this as, a matter of fact you have earned the Buddy Thumb we're officially, buddies now. But. Perfect blue describes, something, different, something darker. A shared. Delusion that is only made possible by, the emergent of new and highly advanced, consumer, technology, like personal, computers, and the Internet this. Might sound like something out of science fiction, but has actually been a well-known psychological. Condition, for nearly two centuries. The. French behaviorist, who discovered this condition, called it fully adieu, madness. Of to or a person. Suffering from a delusion or, a psychiatric. Syndrome, spreads. Their condition, to another person, almost, like an infectious, disease modern. Psychology, describes this phenomenon, as shared, psychosis or. In, the most extreme cases mass. Hallucination. Just. As Mimas otaku, fans, are obsessed, with every, single career, move she makes she, too becomes. Obsessed, with how she is, perceived, by her fandom, their. Obsession, of her, becomes. Her own. But. This notion of shared psychosis takes on an even darker twist, in the movies finale, where we learned that the true antagonist. All along, was Mimas. Manager, dreamy, the. Most caring, protective. And motherly. Figure in the entire film was, hiding, her own sinister, secret. When. She was younger, Harumi herself, failed in her career as an idol, now. She's. Living vicariously through. Mima in the hopes of getting another, shot at, her dream. While. Her name dreamy, is a, quite common feminine. Given name in Japan if you. Mirror. It it. Becomes the mirror. Me3. Mirror. Ramie, are. You. Me. Really. Lived out the phantasm, of her unfulfilled, past, by masquerading, as the real Mema and she, constructed, an elaborate, fictional. Online persona, to complete that fantasy. She. Tried to turn, this delusion, into reality, by killing, everyone who she believed was responsible for, me must ascend to the poverty, her, manager, the, writer of the TV show and even the actors, involved in the episode. To. Me became possessed by, her old life as an idol and was able to infect NEMA with her delusion, thanks to the interlocking. Technologies, of consumer, electronics mass. Media, and the Internet and as, we see from the fallout, of me manias, online, message board posts, roomie may have shared her psychosis. With far more people than just me. Mommy. And, Mima the. Past and present of the japanese idol industry, trapped, within delusion, and haunted, by images from their past. But. In the closing, moments of the movie and that brilliant. Climactic. Instant in which Mima dances, in front of the headlights of an oncoming truck, we. Come to understand, that she was never in, any real danger, this.

Mima Was really roomy deep. In the grips of psychosis. It. Was only by saving Rumi, both, symbolically. And literally, that. Mima is finally, able to break free from this madness. She. Must save herself, from. Herself. Perfect. Blue suggests, to the audience that obsessive, fandom, is a grotesque perversion. Of humanity it. Is, a distorted, and hyper consumerist. Reflection, of the real human, emotions, of love kindness. And devotion, it. Can never be anything more, than simulacra. A distant. Shadow on the wall of Plato's cave. The. Only way forward is, to find the strength to shatter this black mirror completely. Otaku. Were an extreme, social, outlier, when perfect, blue first came out in 1997. But. Things, have changed quite a bit in the 20 years since then haven't they because. Something, has finally, come to pass that none, of us could have predicted not. Satoshi Colin not Francis, Fukuyama not even Billy Gibson themselves, this, one coming. Thanks. To the power and pervasiveness, of the internet but taku style fandom, has completely. Consumed. The globe these. Days pretty, much everyone, under 40 who grew up in the industrialized, world is, some form of otaku depending. On their preferences, they. Might be a traditional. Otaku, obsessed, with anime, and video games or they, might be a more mainstream variety, of atacó with for instance encyclopedic. Knowledge of, sports, statistics pop. Music, superhero, movies you take a pic in. Our modern-day, hyper, consumerist. Health space, ultimately. We, are all, otaku. We. Are all participating. In online fan communities, constantly. Plugged in networking. Among fellow obsessives, on social, media on message boards and common, sections, news aggregators. At home on our computers, or on our phones and tablets while on the move no. Matter what you're into there, is an, online subculture. Out there just waiting to pull you in and consume. You. Your. Consumer, identity. Does, not just happen at random anymore. It's. Being cultivated, for, you there's a digital tribe, of marketing, space to occupy, inhabit. And carry, as your banner into the battlefield, of the open market. Fandom. Is no longer the exception, it's. Become an exploitable. Commodity. For mega corporations. As fans. We are evangelist. And, we are all, of us now, living, in the state of perpetual. Hyper-reality. Once. You've seen perfect, blue you. May find that this strange horror depicted, in this film has in the two decades since it came out become. Uncannily. Familiar. And all. Too real. Every. Day of our lives is, perfectly. Blue. But. The Sumana, die up there is not saying no. However. We may interpret his remarks, one, thing is clear, he, understood, at least in part the difference, between his, make-believe, and ours, for. Example Baron, some. Deep-seated, suspicion, made him see in you an enemy and in, his habit of mind that enemy was given a name from his world of fantasy. A. TDP. Nanny. Hello. And, welcome. To my internet, homepage. This. Is Ragnar. And this. Is a special, thank, you to my biggest fan and. Margaret. Strong. Adriel. Eric. Flit, mr.. Berg Adan Shawn. Quigley, Zach, Lord, bloody. Me about you nema, kiriwe. Awesome. Moccasin. Chin. Hansen, Dennis. Prefer called Casper, ROM a, skull. Failing, days. Enix. Vincent. Kavanagh. Levi. Molars. Omen. Bazan, Bella max. Herbert, Matt. Davis. Cameron. Richter, meadow. Reno. Jacob. Wood ward, Michael. Drill oh no. Ilan eat alimony, more. Artists are Dez Steven. Bischoff. Carlos. Volare. Emmett, are slut go Lucas. Adam. Birth, dunkeld. Martin. Schmidt, Augustine. Bodega, Adam. Cross Danny. Sandal, trans. Hallett miss. Fed. Joker. Zero. Anonymity. --kavitha. Evan. Tickford, Nathan.

The Grand, Brian. F Kevin. Age young Nicholas. LaRosa pool, wagon. David's. Allen AK and, Gehenna. Malin. Can. Tom poor Dom sure. Lake Chuck. Taylor, Dominic. Hit hide back off, Liam. Jones, we, found Nestler David. Nadal, Ryan. Hailey, Lord. Inquisitor. And Chris. Until. Next time. Sayonara.

2019-04-14 21:25

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This video deals with a lot of heavy topics and, to no surprise, has promptly been demonetized by YouTube's algorithm. EDIT: The demonetization has been topped off with a copyright claim on top. :) Please consider supporting my channel with a donation on Patreon, it's what makes these videos possible

One of my favorite anime films next to the original Ghost in the Shell. It's an utter shame that an in depth analysis done by someone treating the mature themes with respect is demonetized AND copyright claimed. I'm sure there are many advertisers who tackle these topics (consumer culture and treatment of women) whether its providing aid to women, or having economic/philosophical discussions who'd be relevant. I mean let's be frank this is basically free promotion of a great a film unknown to the exploding anime market. I don't think younger consumers binge Shonen on streaming services and stumble into Perfect Blue....which is a real shame.

RagnarRox I see adds on it

VtM music from that hotel - that was below the belt :)

So sorry to hear the trouble this video is causing for you. As ever, its quality is extremely high and, despite YouTube’s best efforts, you should be terribly proud of the final product; fascinating content, deftly handled.

That's such bullshit, I'm sorry man.

RagnarRox Can you so deadly premonition?

Oh man that's so fast! Oh well, god bless patreon. Good video and very good sound, as always.

Crap. I'm so sorry. I really don't understand what youtube's problem is. Do you think it was the film footage or the music? The SMTIII music was the only one I really recognized, and I don't think Atlus is the vindictive type, so I dunno. I just became a patreon, so I hope that offsets the loss of ad revenue.

You really know how to make a girl feel special

Ragnar! baby! How did you know?

Phenomenal video. I wish there was a way to get this out there. You’re an amazing content creator

Your videos deserve an analysis video on their own, I was thoroughly creeped out when it dawned on me what that short Twitch clips symbolized

I never thought this kind of movie would make me feel scared and uneasy,boy was i wrong.

Hey Ragnar, an important question: Yang or Reinhard?

I literally just finished this movie for the first time yesterday! Awesome video!

I feel as though this needed to be in my life, and thank you for taking the time to analyze one of my favorite works of all time, Ragnarox!

stopped the video at second 3. i will watch it today :)

Wait a minute, A Satoshi Kon film review in 2019? I clicked on this video and thought this was a year ago, barely a few youtubers talked about Satoshi Kon even though he's regarded as one of the best(my absolute favorite in terms of mindfuckery and editing). ❤

This video is perfect

Ironically, I can say for all of us here - we actually wouldn't mind if you had that stream channel on Twitch or here :)

Are you eager for the buddy thumb?

This is exactly what I need to start my saturday

just finished watching this after watching the movie for the first time and... just wow man... i'm now afraid of consuming media and having an involuntary obsession over any form of "idol" including you. That being said, well done on this video, overall its super informative and educational, what an impact.

This might be the best video you've ever done, Ragnar.

Back in 2011, I had a school assignment where I had to convince my class of something with a presentation and speech. At that time, I was pretty deep in the Vocaloid fandom and chose to center my speech around the idea of virtual idols and their effect on society. I showed them a portion of the "Tell Your World" music video and tried my best to convey my predictions of the nearing future. I guess I was a little too ahead of their time, because my teacher gave me a D and I was then known as "the weird anime girl". Idk, also could've been the fact that over 3/4 of the school was consistent of hillbilly-ass, cousin-loving, yeeyees. Either way, we got 'em.

That was a piece of art, Ragnar! Brilliant as always - keep it up!

Ok the JoJo reference was perfect

Holy God, I didn't realize you looked like that

I got chills watching this and I think I disassociated a bit but in a good way. Excellent work.

This guy's interesting. Another good channel to subscribe to.

Holy shit I just got Perfect Blue yesterday and now you're putting out a video about it. Is this actual reality?


wow what a video

the main thing that i'm getting from this is that my dad is a sports weeaboo

I dont belive, I was raised to serve and think. I will show you how fast we can turn this otaku crap down again. We just have to push the speed a little bit higher, Accelerate!

Im always floored by the work you put into your videos.

I hear your bloodlines background music 33:00

27:24 I Would legitimately buy a shirt with that design on it. But on another note, I would love to hear a Youtubers opinion on their viewers/fans. Like do Youtubers see viewers as just fans, or employers of sorts since some do donate to them monetarily via Patreon. Another thing I always have wondered, do any YTs actually converse with fans besides the occasional comment reply or shout out? I love the idea of having an online community, but is it really a "community" if the reason for the community, have no idea they exist? The line between creator and "fan" is so blurred now that Youtube continues to change and I guess I would love to hear a Youtubers opinion on all this.

Is this the "feelz equal realz" argument?

Perfect timing, just got the bluray of this in the mail the other day =D One of my all time favorites.

What’s up with the ending? You ok bud?

Was that a JoJo reference?????????!?!? P.S. This video is amazing!!!

27:23 Holy shit!! Is that a motherfucking Jojo reference???

27:27 So can you fire off the cap of a coke bottle to break a cop's fingers ?

I'm a RagnarRox otaku now. Sorry :(

Interesting choice to use Vampire: The Masquerade - Bloodlines OST to close out Folie A Deux, some points quite appropriate.

Still one of my all time favorite youtubers Ragnar! Your channel is such a gem and I hope you keep the videos coming! It seems so rare for channels to upload content with so much love put into it. We appreciate what you do man

16:53 whoah!

great to see you're back

RagnarRox covering Perfect Blue? This should be amazing....

I love your videos. Not only are you incredibly intelligent with great sources to back up your points, but I love how well you empathize with the people who suffer in these stories. Your balance of intelligence and empathy is my favorite thing.

I watched Perfect Blue before watching your video and I must say, However the paradox unfolds before us there is no don't that no matter how hard we try we cultivate our own reality. Just the fact that I saw a post from Twitter that first lead me to this video to which curiosity got the best of me and lead me to watch Perfect Blue. Only to have an epiphany! You are indeed a very good story teller and I do like your subtle ques within your video(very nice touches). So, I guess what I am trying to say is ... in a sense you are putting yourself in the shoes of a "pop idol" by making this video? To then have us, "your fans" applaud what a great job you've done with the video. I had this abrupt and subtle thought when you started reading names from your Patreon page. I'm not knocking your video or anything like that. I'm just trying to provide context I guess for a "deeper meaning".

My girlfriend and I watched it once a few years ago and in the theater. Both times the movie was too relatable for her and made her cry hardcore both times. This movie is incredibly terrifying for people with bipolar and dissociative disorder because the extremes it portrays these emotions. This shit feels real to them, I don't know any other movie that can invoke that feeling so accurately.

i think perfect blue is one of my favorite films... even though i've never seen it aha

Well...that ending certainly was grim. And here I thought the worst thing about modern consumerism was that it's slowly bleeding the many dry for the sake of the few. Turns out the things we love secretly want to eat us alive as well.

This video made me reconsider the way I present myself online. This is one of your finest videos Rag. Keep up the good work.

The otaku murder case in general is really interesting and disturbing. I felt dirty after researching it. :\

This type of movie is more relevant than ever......

As of writing... 1.2k likes and only 13 dislikes. That’s when you know the video is on point

You, are a badass sir.

I think the rape scene as a trigger for her psyche becoming damaged is the weakest area of this movie. It's not believable that she has a complete psychotic break from something she knows is not real. Another event occurring to drive her to that point would have been better suited.

RagnarRox: But first... Me: *let me take a selfie* RagnarRox: ...We have to go back to the begging of the movie. Me: aaaaaaah :\

Holy cow Ragnar, this was an incredible ride. You have definitely outdone yourself, terrific work!

Damn. That was a ride.

Satoshi Kon and RagnarRox. What's not to love man?

I was eating food when you talked about the otaku killer.... I couldn’t even swallow, I had to spit it out.......... FOR FUCK SAKE!!!! DX

Well done sir! You have given me a lot to think about. I shall look with renewed eyes both on the film and how I consume media.

You put some surprising work into some of those transitions. 33:44, and the way the audio eerily drops away in 26:24

Holy instant sub. Great voice quality and production really has me unable to close a usually too long 40 minute video. You rock dude keep it up.

Ragnar, Perfect Blue has been one of my favorite films for a long time and you just changed the way I look at parts of it. Thank you for this.

*Start waving glow sticks furiously*

Everytime I see you in a video it puts such an interesting perspective on this ultra analytical voice

Amazing video. That end has me in chills. I am simultaneously amazed and disgusted with this world.

Aside from the wonderful essay itself, the editing is mindblowing.

The username I_noSc0pedJFK almost made me fall of my chair from laughing.

Your videos have legitimately become events in my life to be lauded.


I love the fact that you are appearing more and more on camera. I think it helps a lot when dealing with heavy topics in videos as it creates more of an empathic connection between the video and the viewer; sort of a "Here, guys, this is gonna be heavy, but we are gonna get through it together". You're awesome, Ragnar!

Wow Ragnar! I loved this format! amaizingly produced and one of my favorite movies of all time, i appreciate your video a lot , thank you so much for this!

Love editing, narrative and voice. Amazing video overall. Nice job my "parasocial" friend!

Given that there were stories about fangirls killing themselves over Rudolph Valentino's death back in the 1920's, I would say we haven't come that far with stupid shit like this.

For me, what scared me the most about this movie wasn't just the imagery, the use of color red, or the...screwdriver scene...but rather the music. It's a perfectly good representation of someone slowly descending into madness.

Impressive as always! As a huge fan of this movie, I was excited the second I saw this in my notifications. I'm happy to see you've taken the time to dissect the movie to show how many amazing little details are hidden, making me want to rewatch the whole thing again!

That demonitization was inevitable but your quality cannot and should not be censored. This was a brilliant look into a real masterwork, and I agree that it's only become more relevant on a global scale as time's gone by.

Man you are just brilliant!

TFW the Doppelganger and major plottwist passes by unmentioned despite being a major point of the isolation cast upon the workers by superiors (managers... *wink-wink*)... Nevermind, great Video :)

By far, this is one of the most disorienting animated films I have ever watched. It's visually perfect and its themes are immortal in regards to how fame/social pressures destroy a person's mental stability. Also it really illustrates how horrifically women are sexualized in the entertainment industry. (side note;OH SHIT THERE'S ALSO TETSUO THE IRON MAN OST MUSIC IN THIS VIDEO. Excellent.)

The end of the video literally made me laugh. Good to have a little light at the end of the tunnel.

I love perfect blue. I've always seen it as a psychological thriller but now that the idea that everyone is an otaku is an undeniable fact, It definitely is a horror movie.

Brilliant and insightful as always. Perfect Blue is a poignant and darkly realistic movie, you did really well to explain it!

Omg that scene from Kairo ruined my life for about six months.

Great video, as always Ragnar

your vids keep getting better and the subject matter is very close to my heart... cheers!

Another great video. I've never heard of perfect blue but will now watch it due to your analysis. This seems like a stimulating watch.

oh no, am I an otaku?

the timing with the mima patron in the end was cool af

Great discussion of a great film! Well done!

This is a masterpiece of an essay. Perfect Blue is one of my favorite horror/psycho thrillers of all time. You did it true justice.

omfg I'm so excited to watch this

People capitalizing on fandoms and consumer identities sound a lot like 'Cultivated Identity', something Peter Coffin talks about quite often.


Sitting watching the start, see footage of Perfect Blue, think to myself that looks like Paprika, and sure enough it was the same artist.

ive had a disassociative identity disorder for a long while and ive never seen a better representation of it than this film. everything said here rings true on a personal level but also of our modern society, culture, politics, everything. ive slowly learnt how to deal with my disorder, it feels like the world is gonna have to learn soon too. as always, love your content and would recommend serial experiments lain as an existential anime follow up, would really looooove to see a vid on that in the future!!!

Holy shit, didn't expect to hear SMT music here

Sorry I'm just to tired to see this right now, but tomorrow I'll watch the shit out of this!! And I will god damn appreciate it!!

You create some really amazing content. Thank you so much. I feel like I learn so much by by watching your shows

this video reminds me why this channel is my favorite. thanks for all the videos which helped me greatly in my studies on art! truly thank you!

feels bad that i can't help you on Patreon. but will do when i can

I hear that bloodlines music bro.

I felt both utterly silly and galaxy-brain at the same time when I found how well the Malkavian theme fit when talking about Rumi's psychosis. ;)

I gotta admit, I'm not an ardent gamer or a major horror fan for that matter. But my god I love this channel. The sheer in-depth analogy and intellectual disections of a genre of entertainment that seems trivial to some, is truly impressive and not only that, very interesting. I love your fascination with the human psyche and how far it stretches, coupled with cultural observations. It's nearly like studying cyber-anthropology or something! Fair play man keep this work up, love every minute of it!

Yooo loving the Vampire The Masquerade-music around 31:30! Your videos are always interesting to watch and well constructed, good job. I don't really watch anime but this film was def worth seeing.


I gave a legit Arsenio Hall "whoop whoop" and fist pump when I saw this in my feed. Fantastic video!

RagnarRox oh I’m sorry I had the wrong concept , thanks for making it clear

So real talk about the dark side of idols and entertainment is a no go but radical feminism videos are OK for YT?

+Enttey Demonetization doesn't mean it's stripped of ads - it means that about 95% of advertisers automatically will be considered ineligible for this video (or rather the video ineligible for them to advertise on), which will result in about 1/20 of the revenue it would usually generate.

Incredible video, it's such a shame that YouTube demonetized you for making a great short doc about Dark Blue & Otaku. Hope you keep making cool stuff.

Literally fuck youtube. We need a mass exodus.

I've been waiting years for someone to make a video like this about Perfect Blue. I'm so grateful that you took the time to analyze the film this deeply. You have an incredible way of presenting information and holding your viewer's interest. I appreciate your editing style and narration style very much. The production value of your work surpasses some of the documentaries I've seen broadcast on TV. You should be really proud of what you do.

very insightful commentary of a great movie full of themes to analysem and very clever meta "gags", the first of which made me stop to like the video. enjoyed every minute. thanks for making this.

The style of this video is just fantastic.


I_noScopedJFK - ouch

The company controlling their lives also goes for male idols the contracts are quite sickening from dating to where they live it is complete control

Drinking and watching this is not a good time. But the video itself is amazing. It does make me take a double take at the reality we live in now, and how invested we are in pop culture. It's eerie , but true. The usual feeling I get after watching a RagnarRox video. I enjoyed it, thank you for your time and patience when making this video. Keep on going on!

I really think the usa could benefit from an impresdion ( NOT remake/adaptation) through the lense of american star culture

Loved this video and the movie it freaked me out at first, than made me stop and contemplate my life lol, great job

I am very glad you divided the video into multiple titled parts. It can be incredibly frustrating if long video essays don't do this, as it can be somewhat difficult to follow along. This is a great video, and I very much enjoyed to see you in front of the camera again. Unfortunately, I'm not in a spot right now where I can support you on Patreon, but once I can I definitely will. You deserve all the support you can get for everything you do.

Holy fuck. I'm a straight man, but damn Ragnar's hot.

Great Video, just a possible small nip-picking @ 3:53 The move tittle seems to be missing an E in word actress.

This was phenomenal. I forgot how deeply this film disturbed me... You brought it all back, and showed how it’s only getting worse. Thanks, I guess?

The thing at the end was killer dude! I loved your credits incorporated in the anime like that. Well done! Love you content! Have a blessed day, my dude.

best youtube channel ever

How do you cope with being our Idol in one way or another? It must feel very uncomfortable to be admired by people you will never know.

Come on, ragna, you fuck! After that rule of rose video of yours i can only watch one of your releases with full atention (i mean, it has being like that since i've subscribed, years ago, but, after rule of rose, things got serious) otherwise i'll get pissed off with myself! I'll have to watch this one tomorrow, goddamit! Fuck you for being so brilliant! That being said, thank you so much for being so brilliant! Keep up the splendid work! And forgive me for not being able to contribute with the channel through patreon, hope i can do this one day, tho

I saw this movie because you mentioned it in one of your previous videos, thank you so much for sharing your kowledge!

Great content as always. Perfect Blue has been sitting on my 'To watch list' for quite some time now, sadly I could never find the time to watch it ... Although after seeing this I am definitely making it first on the list. I am also very interested in your analysis of Ergo Proxy, it is one of my favourite psychological animes, and I would love to hear your interpretation of it.

Have you seen Serial Experiments Lain?

Thank you for this level of analysis - it's truly a work of brilliance

Good sh!t, man. That patreon shoutout tho xD

I have a sudden urge to create an account called ICameWhenYouShotMe and crash into one of your streams

I always read the part where Mima agrees to do the rape scene as a way to push back at her old manager's patronizing statement that there's no way a pop idol like her would do something like that. Even if she didn't really want to do the scene, she focuses on "not being an idol" rather than what she genuingly wants

keep going man, your content is amazing.

Wow....well done.....also, I need a drink. I almost forgot about the umbrella.....nope.......*horror filled and empty look*

Perfect Blue is my favorite movie, so I always love to see people talking about it. Thank you for this!

This is 1000% amazing to not only watch but hear the history of why it happened and how it connects to our lives today.


gr8 vid

This being one of my favorite movies I thought I was ready for this, I was not ready. This was too real, even for me.

I watched this movie when I was a kid. This was during a period of time in the late 90's early 2000's in which the Argentinian market started to get their hands on VHS of really serious and adult anime movies and it was trying to shove it on people's faces to show that "Hey, not all cartoon are for kids". I think I was like... thirteen or something. It was a spanish dub (from Spain, not latin america), so a lot of the expressions got a bit lost because I didn't understand the inflections of the words or the sense within the scene. Now, I realize that I did understand the words, I was just too young to understand the actual message. Actually, I'm wondering why did I watch that movie being so young. I have recommended this movie to everyone. To watch it at least once. I dunno why so few people seem to know about it's existence. For me it was really awesome from the psychological aspect even if I didn't completely understand the meaning. As usual, Ragnar, you have shed some light in this precious cornerstone of my childhood. Thank you.

its all otaku now!

Amazing analysis, please Deadly Premonition forgotten gems.

Fantastic work! Thank you so much for the video, Ragnar :) Grout's mansion OST for part III was a very delicate touch while explaining Folie à Deux phenomenon. Also cheers from Russia^^

The whole Rumi -> Mirror thing seems a bit far fetched, but makes more sense if you consider that in Japanese miru (見る) means 'to see/look'

Love it, even though it left me feeling scared and depressed.

This is one of your best works yet!!! I love the amount of detail you put into your videos. The content was very interesting and relevant. As always, it is a pleasure to see your face!

Outstanding analysis Ragnar Very well put together

This video showed up in my recommendations. I generally don't watch anime, but I think I'll watch this one. Aesthetics and paranoia feel remind me of giallo films.

This vid made me realise that the 90s were basically 30 years ago...

..... :D does it come, i made the 3rd place on ur biggest fan score in this video? ....dont get me wrong - i kinda like it very much :) ...peAce :) Dennis

Jhony Depp talking about anime for forty minutes

Listening about the background and history of Japan's technological boon and its inevitable collapse would usually be dull; however, you've managed to present it in such a way that is not just interesting but more impressively, ominous. The picture of bright cheerful Japan rising into a technological utopia that will never stop growing is in contrast to the economical reality that we all know to be true: what comes up must come down. And the higher it gets, the harder it will crash, and crash Japan did. The farcical cheerful cuteness of idols and the isolated obsessiveness of otakus are the result of that broken fantasy. Just as I found the history of Japan's Lost Decade ominous so too did you manage to recapture the fear and fright of Perfect Blue in me despite me already knowing the plot. 21:06 So much of this is just cringe. I love cute moe anime girls and their antics, but that's fiction-fantasy. Something like that does not and should not be imitated in reality and forcing that on someone just sets me on edge. Heh, while I dislike toxic feminism, I can't deny that there isn't a spark of anger in me towards the contradictory and controlling demands society sets upon them. Huh, never noticed the Rumi and mirror connection or even the obvious R U MI? one. I believe your final point has what I feel to be your video's best quality: the ability to be thought provoking. There are many types of horror, but one I feel that is most frightening is the enlightening one-the moment when you realize just how ensnarled the spider has you in its web. This video posited several remarks on the nature of humans and their relationships through technology that I honestly can't tell if they're positive or negative. The Twitch clip is completely cringy, but that's really how things are. People donate to streamers and/or creators because they feel a connection with them and want to get their attention and be noticed, and that's both frightening and somewhat sad. The lines between creator and audience is blurred and tangled, and the connections are not solid but illusory built only on not who the person is but what the person shows themselves as. But at the same time, this condition has formed the backbone of an entire industry that I quite enjoy and don't wish to go away. Then there is the nature of us being "Otaku". I find it revelatory that you expanded the definition beyond that of anime/manga/video game aficionados and included everybody who possessed an intense interest or hobby. It makes you realize how many people have become invested in pop culture-I use for lack of a better word. And so many people have become entangled and obsessed with their interests. Technology and social media outlets have become the foregrounds for people to form communities around these interests, yet people diving into these new connections also, in some form, isolate themselves further. It's a contradiction: people become connected with other people of similar interests but also lose themselves in these connections-incomplete as all they share is that same liking-which in turn isolate themselves from the world. Is it good or bad; I don't know. All I do know is that it's somewhat frightening to see how far down the rabbit hole we may already be. Random notes: The Every Frame a Painting shout-out is something I appreciate just because it was his video on Satoshi Kon that got me interested in Perfect Blue to begin with. Pity they're no longer making videos though. 27:24 I spy with my little eye a JoJo reference. Honestly, this got a good laugh out of me. The music at the beginning of the Perfectly Blue section, what is it? It sounds oddly familiar, possibly because of its similarity with SMT III's Staff Roll.

ragnar, those are some amazing mustaches

picture of doryan grey on steroids

I love this channel so much!!!

The quality of your content is unbelievable

Serious whiplash with how serious the topic is, and then how hilarious the outro is using the same subject as the video body

You did a great job with this video. You went deep! I particularly loved how you satirized the fact that WE are part of YOUR fandom and feel like you are our buddy! I was dying from smiling so hard!!!

Ahhh, that SMT: Nocturne soundtrack is fantastic.

...... Johnny Depp before he got creepy?

It is extemely rare for me to rewind and listen/watch something again (music excluded) in the midst of overwhelmingly shallow content on this platform aimed at endless and fast consumption. And YOU made me do it! I never heard of madonna/whore duality before. Yet it seems like I should have so at least I listened to the point again to get better grasp it. You've broadened my horizons today mister Ragnar. Thank you for that. I am really glad to see your videos evolving and getting better and better as time passes.

Perfect Blue is simultaneously horrifying and beautiful. Just like this video. Excellent job! ^^

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