Henry Ford: The Complicated Captain of Industry
This video is made possible by blinkers, the first hundred people to go to blink East calm, /by, graphics, are going to get unlimited. Access for. One week just, to try it out you'll also get 25%. Off if you want the full membership more, about that a bit later on but, for now let's. Just get on with it. Henry. Ford was an American, success story through, his dogged, perseverance. Engineering. Brilliance, and innovative. Production techniques, he brought an affordable, motor vehicle, to the masses, creating. An empire. In the process. And yet there, were other aspects, of the man that didn't, really fit comfortably, in to, the American. Icon, image, from, his anti-semitism, to his vehement, opposition to, unions, Henry Ford was a man who defied, description, and in the days by graphics, video we're gonna get close and personal. With, Henry Ford. Henry. Ford was born on July the 30th, 1863, in. Greenfield. Township Michigan, he was the oldest of five children to William and Mary. Ford William was an Irish immigrant while Mary was a first-generation, American, of, Belgian, heritage the Ford family they were middle-class, farmers, Henry was particularly, close with his mother who, he absolutely, adored, the children worked hard to help their father perform, the day's labor, Henry pitched in enthusiastically. Though he never really enjoyed, the work he later commented I never had any particular love, for the farm, it was the mother on the, farm that I loved Henry. He disliked school much preferring, to study, on his own terms, hit huge, amounts of curiosity, and this, was mixed with his creativity, by the time he had reached his teens, Henry was obsessed. With gadgets he had a habit of taking apart watches, and then putting them back together he, did this over and over again until he could do it in a matter of minutes his reputation as a watch repairman it began to grow and soon he was maintaining, the timepieces of everyone, in his neighborhood when he was 13 Henry saw a steam powered motor vehicle, for the first time he, was fascinated, with it and he instantly recognized, its potential, to replace the horse as the main means, of transportation from. That point on he was absolutely. Obsessed, with automobiles. A. Short. While after the encounter with, the vehicle Henry's beloved, mother she died very suddenly, naturally. Henry was heartbroken, from that point on he wanted to get off the farm as it simply held too many memories his, opportunity, it came three, years later when he was offered his first job, he moved to Detroit to become an apprentice machinist. For James F flower, and brothers who made, machine parts he later moved to the Detroit drydock, company, by night he worked at a watch repair company in order to pay his rent any spare, time that he had had spend on his mechanical, experiments, in 1882. At the age of 19, Henry returned to the family farm to help his father he still hated, farming, that he loved tinkering, with the farm machinery his father had purchased a Westinghouse portable, steam engine and Henry, made it his mission to perfect, the use of it he became so good on the machine that he managed to get a summer job at the Westinghouse Electric Company, in Detroit he, demonstrated, and repaired, steam engines that were used to power heavy machinery. When. He turned 21 Henry's, father gifted him with a sizable, parcel of land he now split his time between working, the land demonstrating. Westinghouse, machines, and studying, part-time for, a bookkeeping, diploma in early 1888, he met a young woman by the name of Clara, Jane Bryant, after, a short courtship. The couple, were married on April the 11th five years later their first and only child, Edsel was born Ford, now I had a family to look after he, made ends meet by cutting, and selling the timber on his land within a year he set up a sawmill, which became moderately, profitable, he built a mechanical workshop on the farm uns continued, tinkering, on heavy machinery Henry. Had been brought up in a Christian household and now that he was a family man he seemed to take religion much more seriously, every Sunday he made, an 8 mile, round-trip, sue attends the nearest Episcopalian. Church he, came to believe in reincarnation, which. Was not an Episcopalian, concept, rather, than finding another Church however he simply added it to his own personal. Belief system he has an, evangelizing. Spirit, enjoying, sharing his beliefs with others about his religious beliefs he wrote religion.
Like Anything, else is a thing that should be kept working, I see no use in spending a great deal of time learning about heaven, and hell in my opinion, man makes, his own heaven and hell and carries, it around with, him both, of them are states, of minds. In. 1885. Ford was tasked with fixing, an auto engine, a large stationary. Single, cylinder internal. Combustion, four-stroke, engine designed, by German, Niklaus Otto after. Pulling it apart and analyzing, every component he put it back together in working, form and then proceeded, to make his own version, of this machine by 1890, he was working on a petrol powered engine in September, of 1891, Henry, secured a position at the Edison illuminating, company in Detroit. Antara. Moved to the city to make a new life within two years Ford was promoted, to the position of chief engineer along. With this promotion came a substantial. Pay rise this provided, in the means to work on his petrol engine when he wasn't working for Thomas Edison in, 1896, that countless evenings, tinkering in his homework shop they finally, paid off with the unveiling of, his first, self-propelled, vehicle he, called it the Ford quadricycle. He presented his prototype to Edison company executives, including, Thomas Edison himself Edison. Was intrigued. And in fact delighted. With Ford's, invention, encouraged, by the praise of his boss Ford developed a mark to model with numerous. Improvements Ford's. Newer and better quadricycle. Caught the attention of a Detroit lumber baron by the name of William H Murphy, nothing, but his money behind the young inventor, allowing, Henry to resign, from edison and start his own company he, called it the Detroit. Automobile company. Investors. Wanted to capitalize on Ford's. Petrol motor as quickly, as possible they pressured, him to rush production as a result the vehicles produced were of a lower quality and a higher price, than Ford was happy with having produced just 20 automobiles, the company, it was dissolved in January, of 1901. Ford, was more relieved, than deterred with the closure of the Detroit automobile company with the pressure to produce no, longer on him he put his efforts into designing and building a 26. Horsepower automobile. In October, of 1901. In, order to get publicity for his invention, he began entering racing. Competitions, a flipped, sounds Lee beating the local champion in a 10-mile, race II won, back the confidence of his investors, they were prepared to back a second, company and so, the four motor company was, born with, Henry, as its chief engineer, however, the same tensions, developed, as previously, when the investors brought in a consultant to check Henry's focus on technological improvements.
He Left the company the new man Henry Leland's went on to create his own vehicle the, Cadillac ins the company was renamed, the Cadillac automobile, company. Ford. Now teamed up with a former cycle racing champion named Tom Cooper together they produced an 80 plus horsepower vehicle, that they dubbed the 999, this, car was raised, by top brace a very old field to a resounding, victory in October. Of 1902. Race with this success under his belt fort entered, into a third company he teamed up with a coal dealer from Detroit, named Alexander, malcomson, to form Ford and malcomson limited, he now set about making, an affordable, automobile, for the working man Ford, and malcomson they found a factory and they got to work they contracted, the Dodge Brothers John, and Horace who owns a local machine shop to produce all the parts that they needed within a year a Ford had his new and affordable vehicle, the challenge now was, to sell it initial, sales were slow which led to a cash flow crisis, new investors, were brought, on board and the company was reincorporated as, the Ford Motor Company in June, of 1903, Ford's. New economical, automobile, was put to the test on the ice-covered surface. Of Lake, Sinclair between, Michigan, and Ontario. It achieved a new land speed record of 91.3, miles per hour that's one hundred forty six point nine kilometers, an hour very old field then toured the country to demonstrate, the car this, publicity brought, the name Henry Ford to a wide audience, Versailles, affords, new car they grew steadily by 1905, the company it was absolutely, thriving, Ford, we're the only car manufacturer, who were catering to, the middle classes, because of for the automobile it was no longer, just a plaything for the rich now it was able to be seen as a viable, means of transport, for pretty much everybody now just before we get into Ford's most notable vehicle of course the Model T let, me tell you a bit about today's sponsor who make these sort of longer videos possible and that sponsor, is plinkus. Look now if you're watching this channel you're probably curious, about things I mean why else would you commit to a 20 minute video about Henry, Ford and this is why blink test is such a great fit for this very channel blink astiz an app that takes the best insights. And need-to-know info, from thousands. Of non-fiction, books and condenses.
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But he did refine it to make it as efficient, and therefore, as cost-effective as possible, rather than having a group of employees working on a single vehicle Ford, set up a conveyor, system where the car moved from one station to another at, each station a highly skilled worker would focus, on just one aspect of, the construction, that worker would then, repeat the same job over and over again this, process cut down the time to produce a Model T from, 12, to, only six hours as a result of these improved practices, Ford was able to sell his Model T at the unheard-of, price, of. 895, dollars which is twenty three thousand, and ten dollars in today's money this, was less than half of, what other manufacturers, were selling, their vehicles for as the assembly line process was streamlines, the price of the Model T it came down even, further by 1912, it was down to five hundred and seventy-five dollars on the strength of the massive, popularity of the Model T Ford was able to take a 48 percent share, of the u.s. automobile market. By, 1914. In 1913. Though a multi-story, factory, was built in Highland, Park Assembly, of the Model T would begin on the fourth floor with the engine then it would move down floor by floor until, the body was added on the final and ground floor Ford, set up a network of, Model T franchises, all over the country salesmen sold not only the affordable, car but also the concept, of vehicle. Travel, and the opportunities, that came with it with the Model T the country. Would be opened, up to the masses, with all the wonders that it held in store Ford was determined, that his buyers, would become loyal Ford, customers, for life as a result he offered, an unheard-of. Guarantee, when he bought a Model T the Ford factory would stand behind you, maintaining, it at the most affordable, price, possible. Ford. Was a firm believer in welfare, capitalism he wanted to maintain a happy workforce, who were treated fairly as a result he introduced, innovative programs, and benefits, for his staff in 1914. He introduced, the living wage where each worker received, a minimum, of five dollars per day this, would be the equivalent of about 120, dollars in 2019. This is always double the pay that most other companies were offering at the time, one reason that Ford brought in the living wage was that prior to its introduction his factories, had a very high employee, turnover rate, some departments numbering a hundred men turned over thirty employees, a year, this was largely due to the monotony, of the production line process now. The increase, to pay offset. The boredom of the job the living wage allowed, for to attract, the best mechanics, in Detroit other companies they were forced, to raise their wages or, simply lose their workers Ford's, also did other things to ensure a happy workforce, his factories, that cafeterias. Water fountains, health care and company, sponsored, sports teams the benefits that Ford brought to his workforce though they, came with a few strings, he expected, his workers to live clean lives in accordance, with Christian, moral principles, he established, a social, departments, which kept a close eye on the private lives of his employees anyone, who was seen to be over drinking gambling or not providing, adequately for their family would be subjected to an intervention meanwhile.
Business-wise Sales of the Model T were, going from strength to strength and, drop in the price of the basic touring car to three hundred and sixty dollars saw sales reaching four, hundred, and seventy two thousand. In 1916. Every, single one of those cars was black as it was the color that dried the fastest, on the assembly line this led Ford to utter the rather famous, line that, any customer can have a car painted any color he wants so, long as it is black. Ford. Was completely, opposed to us participation. In World War one he was a pacifist, he was offended by other, businessman who profited, from war trade in 1915. He teamed up with Hungarian, born Jewish pacifist, Rasika, Schwimmer and funded, a peace ship to travel to Europe and advocate, for an ends of the fighting 170. Leading pacifists. Boarded, the ship and headed, along with foreign Schwimmer, to the Netherlands, and then on to Sweden the voyage did not have official US government blessing. And it soon became the subject of intense ridicule, Ford, decided to distance. Himself from the enterprise and he left the ship and made his own way back to the United States, around, this time Ford, began to make public as anti-semitic, beliefs, he claims that the world been started, by German, Jewish bankers, and that he was collecting information that would make that fact clear, despite, its founders pacifist, and anti-semitic. Sentiments, the Ford Motor Company was pressed into producing, engines, for fighter planes and anti-submarine, boats, once the u.s. entered the war in 1917, in. 1918. At the urging of President, Woodrow Wilson Ford. Ran for the Senate seat in Michigan, Ford was an advocate for Wilson's League of Nations, and the president, felt that if Ford won Michigan it could tip the scale in his favor in Congress, he told Ford you are the only man in Michigan who can be elected, and help bring about the peace you so desire, Ford, he ran but he lost by about 4,500. Votes still he did remain a staunch advocate of the League of Nations. A. Month. After the end of the war in December of 1919. Ford handed the reins of the Ford Motor Company over to his son Edsel, who was now 26, years old, however the father retains, the right to veto any decision, in 1918. Ford had purchased a small newspaper called the Dearborn, independence, every, Ford factory issued, this paper to its employees throughout the 1920s Ford, used this paper as the vehicle, for disseminating. His anti-semitic views, he believed that an international, Jewish conspiracy was. Working, to take control of the world between 1920. And 1922. He published a multi-volume, work titled, the International. Jew historians. Now believe that these, books were an influence, on Adolf, Hitler's worldview during, the war years Ford worked with his son to take the Ford Motor Company to the rest of the world a massive, complex was built at River Rouge in Dearborn, Michigan this, was the world's largest industrial, complex. At the time by, 1929, he had thriving, dealerships, on all six, continents Ford, wanted his business to become a vertically. Integrated company, this meant that every, aspect of supply, for the company would be owned by, the company this meant that the company wouldn't have to rely upon any suppliers. Especially. Foreign suppliers on May the 31st 1929. Ford, signed a nine-year. Technical, assistance, agreement with the Soviet, government for. Who would help the Soviets set up an automobile, plant and the Soviets would purchase 30 million dollars worth of knocked-down, for, trucks and cars Ford, sent his best servicemen, to the Soviet factory to, train the Russians. By. The mid-1920s, the Model T sales they were dwindling competitors. Were producing, competing, models some of them with more powerful motors, and better features, it was time for a new model to roll off the production lines, the, Model A Ford was released in 1927. The car was available in, a range of styles including sports, coupe a truck, and commercial, unlike, the Model T it was available in four colors the, Model A was another hit for Ford with sales to 1931, topping, 4 million, by, 1931. A third, of all automobiles, throughout the world were, made by the Ford Motor Company in the late 1920s Ford, began building airplanes, the most popular was the Ford 480, tri-motor. Commonly, known as the tin goose Ford, for this was honored by the Smithsonian, Institution.
For Changing, aviation, history. Henry. Ford hated. Labor unions he was of the opinion that they served only the self-interest, of labor bosses who were detrimental. To workers he felt that he was perfectly able to look after the interests of his works and saw no need for, unions, on his sites in order to scare off union activity, ford employed former, navy boxer, harry Bennett at, his service department, then it was not averse to using violence, to squash union activity, on one occasion he men, beat up United Auto Workers representatives. As the police simply looked on this, incidents which became, known as the Battle of the overpass was widely, reported it hurt Ford's reputation, and it increased support for the Union that saw Ford recognized, that there was a need for a collective bargaining agreements, with the unions however, his father vetoed, the idea of him even, talking, to the unions in April 1941, there was a sit-down strike which closed, down the River Rouge plant Ford. Prepared to shut down his entire business rather than deal with the Union it was only the intervention, of his long-suffering, wife Clara, that brought, him to his senses with, the recalcitrance, of the old man out of the way had sort managed to sign an agreements with the United Auto, Workers Union, in June, of 1941. Ford's. Obsession. With blaming, the Jews for the world's ills intensified. Over the years his newspaper, the Dearborn, independent published. 91. Consecutive. Articles to riding Jews Jewish, leaders responded, by calling for boycotts of, Ford cars in 1927. He was sued for libel the case it was settled out of court shortly, thereafter Ford, agreed to, shut down production of, his newspaper in, the early 1920s Ford, had been given a copy of a book called the protocol, of the Elders of Zion, which had been produced by the Russian, Czars Secret, Service in the early 1900's, it painted a damning, picture, of the supposed, worldwide. Jewish conspiracy Ford, he believed every word of it however within a few years it was exposed, as a fake when, Ford learned of this he was horrified, and he offered, an apology to the Jewish community assuring. Them of his future friendship, and goodwill. Despite, these words Ford continued, to denounce Jews throughout the 1930s, he did business with Nazi, Germany up to and including the warriors at the same time he produced b-24. Bombers, for the US military Ford. Is the only American, mentioned, favorably, in mine Kampf speaking, in 1931, to a Detroit, News reporter, Hitler said that he regarded, fort as his, inspiration, this, explained, his reason for keeping Ford's, life-size portrait next. To his desk, Hitler revered, Ford stating, that I shall, do my best to put his theories, into practice in Germany and modeling.
The Volkswagen, on the Model T. In. May 1943, 49, year-old Edsel Ford died of stomach cancer Henry. Now aged 80 was forced, to run the company once more yes he was not a well man having, already suffered, from a series, of strokes and heart attacks he, was at the helm for two years at which point he handed, the reins over to his grandson, Henry Ford the second Henry Ford's retirement, was short-lived, he died of a cerebral hemorrhage, on April the 7th 1947. At his Dearborn, estate a hundred, thousand, people showed up at his funeral to honor the man who brought private, transportation to. The masses so I really hope you enjoyed that video as always do, give us a thumbs up subscribe if you liked it hit the notification, bell so you'll find out when we put out a new video and also. Do check out today's sponsor that's blinka, steel find a link to them below its really great stuff just go check it out now before you watch something else why not and as always thank. You for watching.